Archive | February, 2017

hashID – Identify Different Types of Hashes


hashID is a tool to help you identify different types of hashes used to encrypt data, especially passwords. It’s written in Python 3 and supports the identification of over 220 unique hash types using regular expressions.

hashID - Identify Different Types of Hashes

hashID is able to identify a single hash, parse a file or read multiple files in a directory and identify the hashes within them. hashID is also capable of including the corresponding hashcat mode and/or JohnTheRipper format in its output.

There are other similar tools like hash-identifier, which is outdated and this claims to replace. And the original HashTag – Password Hash Type Identification (Identify Hashes) – which is even older.

And to be fair, this hasn’t been updated since 2015 either so yah.

Usage

Installation

You can install, upgrade, uninstall hashID with these commands:

Or you can install by cloning the repository:

You can download hashID here:

hashID-v3.1.4.zip

Or read more here.

Posted in: Cryptography, Hacking Tools, Password Cracking Tools

Topic: Cryptography, Hacking Tools, Password Cracking Tools


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Stitch – Python Remote Administration Tool AKA RAT


Stitch is a cross-platform Python Remote Administration Tool, commonly known as a RAT. This framework allows you to build custom payloads for Windows, Mac OSX and Linux as well.

Stitch - Python Remote Administration Tool AKA RAT

You are able to select whether the payload binds to a specific IP and port, listens for a connection on a port, option to send an email of system info when the system boots, and option to start keylogger on boot. Payloads created can only run on the OS that they were created on.

Features

Cross Platform Support

  • Command and file auto-completion
  • Antivirus detection
  • Able to turn off/on display monitors
  • Hide/unhide files and directories
  • View/edit the hosts file
  • View all the systems environment variables
  • Keylogger with options to view status, start, stop and dump the logs onto your host system
  • View the location and other information of the target machine
  • Execute custom python scripts which return whatever you print to screen
  • Screenshots
  • Virtual machine detection
  • Download/Upload files to and from the target system
  • Attempt to dump the systems password hashes
  • Payloads’ properties are “disguised” as other known programs

Windows Specific

  • Display a user/password dialog box to obtain user password
  • Dump passwords saved via Chrome
  • Clear the System, Security, and Application logs
  • Enable/Disable services such as RDP,UAC, and Windows Defender
  • Edit the accessed, created, and modified properties of files
  • Create a custom popup box
  • View connected webcam and take snapshots
  • View past connected wifi connections along with their passwords
  • View information about drives connected
  • View summary of registry values such as DEP

Mac OSX Specific

  • Display a user/password dialog box to obtain user password
  • Change the login text at the user’s login screen
  • Webcam snapshots

Mac OSX/Linux Specific

  • SSH from the target machine into another host
  • Run sudo commands
  • Attempt to bruteforce the user’s password using the passwords list found in Tools/
  • Webcam snapshots? (untested on Linux)

All communication between the host and target is AES encrypted. Every Stitch program generates an AES key which is then put into all payloads. To access a payload the AES keys must match. To connect from a different system running Stitch you must add the key by using the showkey command from the original system and the addkey command on the new system.

Requirements

The only base requirement is Python 2.7. For easy installation run the following command that corresponds to your OS:

You can download Stitch here:

Stitch-master.zip

Or read more here.

Posted in: Hacking Tools, Malware

Topic: Hacking Tools, Malware


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160,000 Network Printers Hacked


It’s a pretty simple hack (in a rather grey-hat fashion), but it’s getting a LOT of media coverage and 160,000 network printers hacked just goes to show once again the whole Internet of Things chapter we are entering is pretty scary.

160,000 Network Printers Hacked

Definitely a neat hack tho, utilising the mass scanning power of Zmap and scanning for TCP Port 9100 – the port for the “RAW” print protocol. Then coding up a small C binary to send the ASCII art directly to the print spooler.

Printers around the world have been hacked and instructed to churn out pages and even sales receipts of alarming ASCII art.

The messages, which began spewing from internet-connected printers on Thursday, read: “Hacked. Stackoverflowin/stack the almighty, hacker god has returned to his throne, as the greatest memegod. Your printer is part of a flaming botnet. Your printer has been pwn’d.”

The miscreant claiming responsibility, Stackoverflowin, boasts to have hijacked more than 160,000 printers from across the internet and commanded them to emit pages of ASCII art. It appears the hacked devices range from office printers to sales terminals.

“It was kind of on impulse,” Stack told The Register. “I had been looking into printers for a while prior to this, about a few months before. I saw multiple articles about printers and it invoked my curiosity again, and yeah, it went from there.”

Stackoverflowin claims to be under 18, although a Twitter account named in the printouts describes a 23-year-old white-hat security enthusiast and embedded systems engineer. We’re told that Twitter bio is simply made up.

The hijacker says he or she wrote a script that scanned for insecure public-facing devices with open RAW, Internet Printing Protocol, and Line Printer Remote services – running on network ports 9100, 631, and 515, respectively – and fired over print jobs. This is, admittedly, trivial to do, and you can find plenty of potentially vulnerable machines on the web via Shodan.io. The search engine shows there are, right now, about 143,000 devices on the public internet with port 9100 open.


Let us be glad for once this was not a malicious hack and these printers weren’t turning into DDoS spewing botnet zombies.

The scary part of is many of these printers can have their firmware updated remotely, without any type of code signing being required. What could happen there, I will leave to your imagination.

The kid also claims to have exploited remote-code execution (RCE) vulnerabilities in the web interface built into internet-connected Xerox products to commandeer more printers. “The RCEs are undisclosed – pretty much zero-days, but I don’t like to throw that word around that much. There’s three of them in total,” Stackoverflowin said.

The first printouts had a simple message accusing people of wasting paper, and included a Protonmail email address that has been since disabled. Those messages were more of a test, Stackoverflowin explained: “I was just debugging a segfault, my code was crashing at around 50,000 devices for some reason.”

A second surge of printouts came in two forms: one with ASCII art of a computer, and the other with a robot. On the computer version, the printer’s administrators are urged to firewall off their devices from the public internet.

Judging from photos cropping up on social networks, printers around the world really were hit by Stackoverflowin, who said it was somewhat dispiriting how easy this hack was.

“I used zmap to get the IPs with the targeted ports then a small ‘loader’ that I coded in C to actually do the print job and send the packet,” Stack told us. “With most of these printers you can push your own firmware to them – the firmware doesn’t need to be signed.”

Sending over print jobs is one thing. If any of these holes can be exploited to achieve remote-code execution on the printer, these vulnerabilities can be used to build a Mirai-style botnet and cause havoc online. Although Stack’s printer spam mentions devices joining a “flaming botnet,” we’re told no such network was formed – it was a hypothetical threat, apparently.

Overall it’s a pretty impressive hack, with this kid getting 160,000 printers to work, my Mom can’t even get 1 to work most of the time.

And I’m absolutely sure we’ll be seeing many more of these random commodity devices with network interfaces, connected to the Internet being hacked in the coming year.

Source: The Register

Posted in: Exploits/Vulnerabilities, Hardware Hacking, Networking Hacking Tools

Topic: Exploits/Vulnerabilities, Hardware Hacking, Networking Hacking Tools


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Abbrase – Abbreviated Passphrase Password Generator


Abbrase is an abbreviated passphrase password generator. An ‘abbrase’ is one of the passwords it produces. It generates a password and a phrase like “phyeigdolrejutt” and “physical eight dollars rejected utterly”.

Abbrase - Abbreviated Passphrase Password Generator

Creating secure passwords is easy. Remembering them is hard. Pwgen makes them memorable though pronounceability. XKCD suggests using a series of random common words, but memorising series of unrelated words can be difficult, and typing long phrases can be tedious.

Abbrase is an experiment in generating probable phrases using Markov chains and abbreviating each word to the first few letters. This strikes a balance between excessive password length and excessive mnemonic length. Passwords generated by Abbrase are as secure as a number with the same length. “122079103” and “toldulbal” (tolerably dull ball) are equally hard to attack.


Theory

Language is the most information-dense thing people memorise. Brains don’t operate on bits.

Pi recitation record-holders don’t have thousands of digits in their minds. They map clusters of digits to far more mentally palatable words, memorising a long story instead of a sequence of digits.

Memorising a grammatically sensible sentence fragment is easier than a sequence of randomly chosen words.

Picking a favourite phrase from the ones generated by Abbrase could make them very slightly easier to attack. A sophisticated attacker could check passwords that are likely to be picked before others. If the attacker can perfectly model which passwords you would prefer, this reduces the security of your password in a proportional amount to the number of passwords you selected it from — if you picked from 32 passwords generated by Abbrase, it makes your password 32x easier to attack (5 bits of security lost).

You can download Abbrase via Github here:

Or read more here.

Posted in: Password Cracking Tools, Security Software

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Webbies Toolkit – Web Recon & Enumeration Tools


Webbies Toolkit is a pair of tools that enable asynchronous web recon & enumeration including SSL detection, banner grabbing and presence of login forms.

Webbies Toolkit - Web Recon & Enumeration Tools

Webbies Features

  • Respects scope (including redirects)
  • Uses same DNS resolver for enumeration and retrieval by patching aiohttp TCPConnector
  • Cached DNS requests by wrapping aiodns
  • SSLContext can be modified for specific SSL versions
  • Outputs a simple CSV for easy grep-fu of results
  • Asynchronous http(s) and dns
  • Specialized bingapi search on ip and hostname given bing key

FDB Features

  • Fast directory/web application eumeration
  • Dir bust numerous hosts simultaneously and save all results in a directory in a CSV file per host
  • Task control to limit requests per second
  • Multiple progress bars for current status on running FDB’s
  • Include word list used, target, extensions, and start and stop times in CSV file
  • 404 detection based on response structure and content

Usage

You can download Webbies Toolkit here:

webbies-master.zip

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Posted in: Hacking Tools, Networking Hacking Tools

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Dark Web Paying Corporate Workers To Leak Info


This is not particularly new news, but the Dark Web paying corporate workers to leak info – especially pertaining to stock prices (earnings reports etc) is setting the mainstream news on fire at the moment.

Dark Web Paying Corporate Workers To Leak Info

It’s also funny because people constantly contact us asking questions about the ‘Dark Web’ aka the ‘Dark Net’ which happens to be the name of this site, a name which existed way before Tor did.

Of course the concept of a darknet also way pre-existed Tor as it was a thing way back in the 1970s of designated networks that were isolated from ARPANET.

Staff are taking to the dark web to leak corporate secrets for cash, research reveals.

Hackers from US-based risk management outfit RedOwl and Israeli threat intelligence firm IntSights worked their way past the interview process to access the private darknet property Kick Ass Marketplace, where they found evidence of staff selling internal corporate secrets to hackers. In some cases, staff even collaborated with blackhats to infect their company networks with malware.

The staff at an unnamed bank were also found to be helping hackers maintain a persistent presence on their corporate networks.

Clients can pay a subscription of up to one bitcoin a month for access to allegedly vetted and accurate insider information which is posted in threads on the site, then cash in on the information they glean.

The site is run in part by an administrator known as “h3x” who in a May interview with DeepDotWeb claimed to be a “self-taught cryptographer, economist, investor, and entrepreneurial businessman”.

h3x has claimed that Kick Ass Marketplace boasts seven administrators, including three hackers and two trading analysts who observe financial markets and vet the integrity of stolen data before posting it to the site.


It is pretty nefarious, though and is giving more ammunition to the naysayers that the dark web is a bad thing and is giving the malicious actors a place to hide.

A story that has been trotted out since the Silk Road bust made the existence of Tor (and what goes on inside the network) pretty mainstream.

Another dark website the trio studied, dubbed The Stock Insiders, recruits retail staff as mules to help cash out stolen credit cards for reliably-resellable goods like Apple iPhones.

The report includes posts where fraudsters seek help from strikers, people willing to walk into stores with stolen credit cards pretending to be legitimate account holders who approach cooperating sales clerks to buy goods.

The trio said insider recruitment is “active and growing” with chatter across public and private forums about the subject doubling from 2015 to 2016.

“The dark web has created a market for employees to easily monetise insider access,” the researchers say.

“The dark web serves as a vehicle insiders use to cash out on their services through insider trading and payment for stolen credit cards.

“Sophisticated threat actors use the dark web to find and engage insiders to help place malware behind an organisation’s perimeter security [and] as a result, any insider with access to the internal network, regardless of technical capability or seniority, presents a risk.”

Insider theft can be disastrous for some organisations. In Australia, theft of sensitive corporate information including designs and customer records can be considered a civil rather than criminal matter, leading to very lengthy and expensive lawsuits.

It’s pretty hard to stop, or even trace such perpetrators if they have any reasonable understanding of OPSEC. Which by the looks of it, they have as the networks have been infiltrated by infosec companies and they haven’t been busted yet.

It doesn’t mean given time they won’t be busted though, so we’ll be watching for news of that.

Source: The Register

Posted in: Legal Issues, Privacy

Topic: Legal Issues, Privacy


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