Archive | May, 2010


Latest Posts:


Aclpwn.Py - Exploit ACL Based Privilege Escalation Paths in Active Directory Aclpwn.Py – Exploit ACL Based Privilege Escalation Paths in Active Directory
Aclpwn.py is a tool that interacts with BloodHound< to identify and exploit ACL based privilege escalation paths.
Vulhub - Pre-Built Vulnerable Docker Environments For Learning To Hack Vulhub – Pre-Built Vulnerable Docker Environments For Learning To Hack
Vulhub is an open-source collection of pre-built vulnerable docker environments for learning to hack. No pre-existing knowledge of docker is required, just execute two simple commands.
LibInjection - Detect SQL Injection (SQLi) and Cross-Site Scripting (XSS) LibInjection – Detect SQL Injection (SQLi) and Cross-Site Scripting (XSS)
LibInjection is a C library to Detect SQL Injection (SQLi) and Cross-Site Scripting (XSS) through lexical analysis of real-world Attacks.
Grype - Vulnerability Scanner For Container Images & Filesystems Grype – Vulnerability Scanner For Container Images & Filesystems
Grype is a vulnerability scanner for container images and filesystems with an easy to install binary that supports the packages for most major *nix based OS.
APT-Hunter - Threat Hunting Tool via Windows Event Log APT-Hunter – Threat Hunting Tool via Windows Event Log
APT-Hunter is a threat hunting tool for windows event logs made from the perspective of the purple team mindset to provide detection for APT movements hidden in the sea of windows event logs.
GitLab Watchman - Audit Gitlab For Sensitive Data & Credentials GitLab Watchman – Audit Gitlab For Sensitive Data & Credentials
GitLab Watchman is an app that uses the GitLab API to audit GitLab for sensitive data and credentials exposed internally, this includes code, commits, wikis etc


IBM Distributes Malware Laden USB Drives at AusCERT Security Conference


Another case of ‘accidental’ malware distribution, remember a while back when Vodafone Spain was Distributing Mariposa Malware, the latest is that IBM handed out malware laden USB drives at a security conference of all places.

Well on the up-side at least everyone there would be security savvy so damage should be minimal. If it was a normal consumer conference we may not even know about it.

I wonder where the core of this problem is coming from? Manufacturers? Is it part of the whole China cyber-terrorism plot?

IBM has apologised after supplying a malware-infected USB stick to delegates of this week’s IBM AusCERT security conference.

The unlovely gift was supplied to an unknown number of delegates to the Gold Coast, Queensland conference who visited IBM’s booth. Big Blue does not identify the strain of malware involved in the attack beyond saying it’s a type of virus widely detected for at least two years which takes advantage of Windows autorun to spread, as a copy of IBM’s email apology published by the Beast Or Buddha blog explains.

As usual the big corporations tend to give as little information as possible, the same goes for IBM who kept pretty hush-hush about the whole thing and how it happened. They didn’t even release the name of the malware infector.

At least they did acknowledge it however and warned the attendees providing an address to return the USB key to. From their statement I’d say it’s probably not a targeted attack as it’s a rather old malware variant.

More likely it can be attributed to sloppy handling of the USB drives at some point, perhaps during testing procedure the host computer was already infected and spread when the drives were plugged in.

At the AusCERT conference this week, you may have collected a complimentary USB key from the IBM booth. Unfortunately we have discovered that some of these USB keys contained malware and we suspect that all USB keys may be affected.

The malware is detected by the majority of current Anti Virus products [as at 20/05/2010] and been known since 2008.

The malware is known by a number of names and is contained in the setup.exe and autorun.ini files. It is spread when the infected USB device is inserted into a Microsoft Windows workstation or server whereby the setup.exe and autorun.ini files run automatically.

Please do not use the USB key, and we ask that you return it to IBM at Reply Paid 120, PO Box 400, West Pennant Hills 2120.

Hopefully we won’t start to see hoards of phones and USB pen-drives getting handed out carrying nasty malware variants, we could write these incidents off as freak convergences of circumstance..but then honestly I think it will happen again.

And this isn’t the first time it’s happened at AusCERT either, Australian telco Telstra distributed malware-infected USB drives at AusCERT 2008 as reported by Secure Computing.

You thought some people might have learn some lessons by now?

Source: The Register

Posted in: Hardware Hacking, Malware

Topic: Hardware Hacking, Malware


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Aclpwn.Py - Exploit ACL Based Privilege Escalation Paths in Active Directory Aclpwn.Py – Exploit ACL Based Privilege Escalation Paths in Active Directory
Aclpwn.py is a tool that interacts with BloodHound< to identify and exploit ACL based privilege escalation paths.
Vulhub - Pre-Built Vulnerable Docker Environments For Learning To Hack Vulhub – Pre-Built Vulnerable Docker Environments For Learning To Hack
Vulhub is an open-source collection of pre-built vulnerable docker environments for learning to hack. No pre-existing knowledge of docker is required, just execute two simple commands.
LibInjection - Detect SQL Injection (SQLi) and Cross-Site Scripting (XSS) LibInjection – Detect SQL Injection (SQLi) and Cross-Site Scripting (XSS)
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APT-Hunter - Threat Hunting Tool via Windows Event Log APT-Hunter – Threat Hunting Tool via Windows Event Log
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GitLab Watchman - Audit Gitlab For Sensitive Data & Credentials GitLab Watchman – Audit Gitlab For Sensitive Data & Credentials
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FOCA – Network Infrastructure Mapping Tool


FOCA 2 has a new algorithm which tries to discover as much info related to network infrastructure as possible. In this alpha version FOCA will add to the figured out network-map, all servers than can be found using a recursive algorithm searching in Google, BING, Reverse IP in BING, Well-known servers and DNS records, using an internal PTR-Scaning, etc

To configure this algorithm you can use the new DNS Search panel and the info extracted will be showed up in three panels:

  • Domains
  • IP addresses
  • PC/Servers

ChangeLog 2.0.1:

  • Fix error searching EXIF information
  • Fix error in DNS Transfer Zone requests

ChangeLog 2.0:

  • DNS enumeration added using subdomains Web Search, zone transfer, dictionary and bing IP search.
  • Added panels Domains & IP
  • Documents grouped by document type
  • Used ListView groups
  • Better Network Map representation
  • Bing only search supported filetype documents
  • Fix error analysing metadata

You can read more and download FOCA here.

Posted in: Hacking Tools, Networking Hacking Tools, Web Hacking

Topic: Hacking Tools, Networking Hacking Tools, Web Hacking


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Aclpwn.Py - Exploit ACL Based Privilege Escalation Paths in Active Directory Aclpwn.Py – Exploit ACL Based Privilege Escalation Paths in Active Directory
Aclpwn.py is a tool that interacts with BloodHound< to identify and exploit ACL based privilege escalation paths.
Vulhub - Pre-Built Vulnerable Docker Environments For Learning To Hack Vulhub – Pre-Built Vulnerable Docker Environments For Learning To Hack
Vulhub is an open-source collection of pre-built vulnerable docker environments for learning to hack. No pre-existing knowledge of docker is required, just execute two simple commands.
LibInjection - Detect SQL Injection (SQLi) and Cross-Site Scripting (XSS) LibInjection – Detect SQL Injection (SQLi) and Cross-Site Scripting (XSS)
LibInjection is a C library to Detect SQL Injection (SQLi) and Cross-Site Scripting (XSS) through lexical analysis of real-world Attacks.
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APT-Hunter - Threat Hunting Tool via Windows Event Log APT-Hunter – Threat Hunting Tool via Windows Event Log
APT-Hunter is a threat hunting tool for windows event logs made from the perspective of the purple team mindset to provide detection for APT movements hidden in the sea of windows event logs.
GitLab Watchman - Audit Gitlab For Sensitive Data & Credentials GitLab Watchman – Audit Gitlab For Sensitive Data & Credentials
GitLab Watchman is an app that uses the GitLab API to audit GitLab for sensitive data and credentials exposed internally, this includes code, commits, wikis etc


76% Of Users Exposing Their Browsing Histories


This is actually a very old flaw as it’s part of the core HTTP standards, it’s exploiting the very way in which the Internet works. Basically most browsers expose browsing history if probed in the right way, the fact was that it was just too resource intensive to get any useful data.

Someone has refined the attack using the top 5000 most popular sites, then pulling specific URL data when it gets positive responses on those. With this technique giving them the ability to scan up to 30,000 URLs a second…as soon as you land on the site they can pull the data. I wonder if anyone will start exploiting this to serve more relevant content/ads to users.

It’s pretty neat actually, check it out here:

http://whattheinternetknowsaboutyou.com/

The vast majority of people browsing the web are vulnerable to attacks that expose detailed information about their viewing habits, including news articles they’ve read and the Zip Codes they’ve entered into online forms.

According to results collected from more than 271,000 visits to a site called What the internet knows about you, 76 percent of users exposed their browser histories, with the proportion of those using Apple’s Safari and Google Chrome browsers even higher. Surprisingly, the percentage was also higher among browsers that turned off JavaScript.

While the underlying browser history disclosure vulnerability was disclosed a decade ago, researchers on Thursday disclosed a variety of techniques that make attacks much more efficient. Among other things, the researchers described an algorithm that can scan as many as 30,000 links per second. That makes it possible for webmasters to stealthily gobble up huge amounts of information within seconds of someone visiting their site.

It correctly identified 11 major sites which I have visited recently and actually displayed the exact Wikipedia pages I’ve visited in the past. They’ve also extended the attack even further to get people’s ZIP codes from sites which utilize it (Weather & Movie sites for example).

Plus some other sites I’ve visited (Twitter, Google sites, Archive.org, Speedtest.net etc).

It’s still limited in scope as stated by the researchers, but once again it’s a nice extension of an old attack which yields a lot more accurate data.

What’s more, the researchers showed how webmasters can launch attacks that detect Zip Codes entered into weather or movie listings sites, find search terms entered into Google and Bing, and discover specific articles viewed on Wikileaks and dozens of popular news sites.

“While limited in scope due to resource limitations, our results indicate that history detection can be practically used to uncover private, user-supplied information from certain web forms for a considerable number of internet users and can lead to targeted attacks against the users of particular websites,” the researchers, Artur Janc and Lukasz Olejnik, wrote.

The results, presented at the Web 2.0 Security and Privacy conference in Oakland, California, are the latest convincing evidence that anonymity on the net is largely a myth. Separate research released earlier this week showed that 84 percent of browser users leave digital fingerprints that can uniquely identify them. It stands to reason that attacks that combine both methods could unearth even more information most presume is private.

Last month, Mozilla said it would add protections to its upcoming Firefox 4 that would plug the gaping information disclosure vulnerability, which is known to plague every major browser. Most browser publishers, Microsoft included, have offered a variety of workarounds, but have said fixing the weakness will be extremely difficult because it’s at the core of the HTTP standard.

It can also parse out from RSS feeds on news sites to probe for articles you might have recently read if it has already discovered that you have visited the main URL.

We’ll have to see how Mozilla attempts to address this in Firefox 4 and if it really works.

Many more details are available in a PDF of their report, which you can grab here: p26.pdf

Source: The Register

Posted in: Exploits/Vulnerabilities, Privacy, Web Hacking

Topic: Exploits/Vulnerabilities, Privacy, Web Hacking


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APT-Hunter is a threat hunting tool for windows event logs made from the perspective of the purple team mindset to provide detection for APT movements hidden in the sea of windows event logs.
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Metasploit 3.4.0 Hacking Framework Released – Over 100 New Exploits Added


Metasploit provides useful information and tools for penetration testers, security researchers, and IDS signature developers. This project was created to provide information on exploit techniques and to create a functional knowledgebase for exploit developers and security professionals. The tools and information on this site are provided for legal security research and testing purposes only.

Update Summary

  • Metasploit now has 551 exploit modules and 261 auxiliary modules (from 445 and 216 respectively in v3.3)
  • Metasploit is still about twice the size of the nearest Ruby application according to Ohloh.net (400K lines of Ruby)
  • Over 100 tickets were closed since the last point release and over 200 since v3.3

After five months of development, version 3.4.0 of the Metasploit Framework has been released. Since the last major release (Metasploit 3.3) over 100 new exploits have been added and over 200 bugs have been fixed.

This release includes massive improvements to the Meterpreter payload; both in terms of stability and features, thanks in large part to Stephen Fewer of Harmony Security. The Meterpreter payload can now capture screenshots without migrating, including the ability to bypass Session 0 Isolation on newer Windows operating systems. This release now supports the ability to migrate back and forth between 32-bit and 64-bit processes on a compromised Windows 64-bit operating system. The Meterpreter protocol now supports inline compression using zlib, resulting in faster transfers of large data blocks. A new command, “getsystem”, uses several techniques to gain system access from a low-privileged or administrator-level session, including the exploitation of Tavis Ormandy’s KiTrap0D vulnerability. Brett Blackham contributed a patch to compress screenshots on the server side in JPG format, reducing the overhead of the screen capture command. The pivoting backend of Meterpreter now supports bi-directional UDP and TCP relays, a big upgrade from the outgoing-only TCP pivoting capabilities of version 3.3.3.

This is the first version of Metasploit to have strong support for bruteforcing network protocols and gaining access with cracked credentials. A new mixin has been created that standardizes the options available to each of the brute force modules. This release includes support for brute forcing accounts over SSH, Telnet, MySQL, Postgres, SMB, DB2, and more, thanks to Tod Bearsdley and contributions from Thomas Ring.

Metasploit now has support for generating malicious JSP and WAR files along with exploits for Tomcat and JBoss that use these to gain remote access to misconfigured installations. A new mixin was creating compiling and signing Java applets on fly, courtesy of Nathan Keltner. Thanks to some excellent work by bannedit and Joshua Drake, command injection of a cmd.exe shell on Windows can be staged into a full Meterpreter shell using the new “sessions -u” syntax.

Full Metasploit 3.4.0 Release Notes

You can download Metasploit 3.4.0 here:

Windows – framework-3.4.0.exe
Linux – framework-3.4.0-linux-i686.run

Or read more here.

Posted in: Exploits/Vulnerabilities, Hacking Tools, Linux Hacking, Windows Hacking

Topic: Exploits/Vulnerabilities, Hacking Tools, Linux Hacking, Windows Hacking


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Cloud Security – The Next Big Thing? Fortify Readiness Scorecard


With the paradigm shifting, especially for high traffic or high availability web applications, towards cloud computing – will Cloud Security become the next big thing?

We’ve already seen how you can use a cloud platform like Amazon EC2 for password cracking. So with a lot of companies moving to 3rd party cloud platforms, I’m sure security and data privacy is a concern.

Fortify are addressing this with a free add-on for their existing Fortify 360 product.

Fortify Software has come up with a way for companies interested in moving their applications to a cloud provider can analyse it line by line for security-worthiness in the new environment.

The Readiness Scorecard is effectively a free add-on for the company’s software assurance products, Fortify 360, and the online Fortify on Demand assurance service, able to give companies a vulnerability rating for software as if it was running in a cloud environment. Aren’t code vulnerabilities the same whether they are in the cloud or inside a corporate network?

According to Fortify chief scientist and founder, Brian Chess, the cloud questions coding assumptions that would have been reasonable when an application was originally written. Applications can communicate with one another using insecure protocols, while assumed infrastructure such as DNS servers will in the cloud model be shared and beyond the oversight of the IT department.

I would expect the same, if an application is inherently secure and well programmed with sanitized inputs etc, it should be secure on a regular host and on a cloud computing platform. But then there are inherent risks with a cloud platform such as the way in which the nodes communicate with each other and as mentioned – how DNS is handled.

It’s good practice though to make sure an application assumes less trust when on a cloud platform, make sure all communications are encrypted securely (for example between the front-end and the database) and any data written to the file system is also done securely with correct permissions.

In short, software has to assume less trust and the vulnerability of data must be pinpointed precisely. “When you move to the cloud, your risk profile changes,” said Chess.

The point of the Readiness Scorecard is to give in-house teams a list of both minor and major fixes needed before a given application can be run in the cloud in a way that minimises such risk, he said.

“Like immunising themselves against infection, cloud providers can use Fortify 360 or Fortify on Demand to ensure that bad code introduced by one or more customers doesn’t contaminate their cloud offering,” said Chess.

Current Fortify customers would get access to the Scorecard free of cost from later this quarter while new users would have the feature bundled with subscriptions.

Anyway, if you’re considering moving something to a cloud platform – you could use this tool from Fortify..or not. Just be aware that the risk profile for your application is changing and that you should take precautions to ensure you remain secure.

It’s also important for cloud providers themselves to make sure their platform is configured securely to increase customer security and integrity. As it’s a fairly new model I’d say we still have some way to go with this, it’s definitely the way forward for hosting sites prone to large spikes though.

Source: Network World

Posted in: Networking Hacking Tools, Web Hacking

Topic: Networking Hacking Tools, Web Hacking


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Aclpwn.py is a tool that interacts with BloodHound< to identify and exploit ACL based privilege escalation paths.
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Vulhub is an open-source collection of pre-built vulnerable docker environments for learning to hack. No pre-existing knowledge of docker is required, just execute two simple commands.
LibInjection - Detect SQL Injection (SQLi) and Cross-Site Scripting (XSS) LibInjection – Detect SQL Injection (SQLi) and Cross-Site Scripting (XSS)
LibInjection is a C library to Detect SQL Injection (SQLi) and Cross-Site Scripting (XSS) through lexical analysis of real-world Attacks.
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Grype is a vulnerability scanner for container images and filesystems with an easy to install binary that supports the packages for most major *nix based OS.
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APT-Hunter is a threat hunting tool for windows event logs made from the perspective of the purple team mindset to provide detection for APT movements hidden in the sea of windows event logs.
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