As we’ve come to expect, the malware guys are always at the leading edge of technological development. Now there are rootkits infecting 64-Bit versions of Windows, which have been thought of as fairly safe by most parties.
The rootkit in questions is a fairly well known variant (TDL/Alureon) and has been around for several years, but according to Prevx it’s been hitting on x64 installs of Windows 7 since August this year.
It’s usually an oldskool method to circumvent the Windows security measures, the MBR (Master Boot Record) – haven’t seen anyway malware using that for quite some time.
A notorious rootkit that for years has ravaged 32-bit versions of Windows has begun claiming 64-bit versions of the Microsoft operating system as well.
The ability of TDL, aka Alureon, to infect 64-bit versions of Windows 7 is something of a coup for its creators, because Microsoft endowed the OS with enhanced security safeguards that were intended to block such attacks. The rootkit crossed into the 64-bit realm sometime in August, according to security firm Prevx.
According to research published on Monday by GFI Software, the latest TDL4 installation penetrates 64-bit versions of Windows by bypassing the OS’s kernel mode code signing policy, which is designed to allow drivers to be installed only when they have been digitally signed by a trusted source. The rootkit achieves this feat by attaching itself to the master boot record in a hard drive’s bowels and changing the machine’s boot options.
Microsoft has pumped some pretty advanced protection mechanisms into the latest member of the Windows family, but still you just know it’s only a matter of time before the bad guys find some way to get around it.
This is an advanced piece of malware though as there are multiple layers of protection in Windows 7 and TDL4 bypasses them all, it even blocks access to debuggers and is undetectable by most AV software.
Whichever way you look at it, that’s some neat coding.
“The boot option is changed in memory from the code executed by infected MBR,” GFI Technical Fellow Chandra Prakash wrote. “The boot option configures value of a config setting named ‘LoadIntegrityCheckPolicy’ that determines the level of validation on boot programs. The rootkit changes this config setting value to a low level of validation that effectively allows loading of an unsigned malicious rootkit dl file.”
According to researchers at Prevx, TDL is the most advanced rootkit ever seen in the wild. It is used as a backdoor to install and update keyloggers and other types of malware on infected machines. Once installed it is undetectable by most antimalware programs. In keeping with TDL’s high degree of sophistication, the rootkit uses low-level instructions to disable debuggers, making it hard for white hat hackers to do reconnaissance.
One of the advanced protections Microsoft added to 64-bit versions of Windows was kernel mode code signing policy. Microsoft also added a feature known as PatchGuard, which blocks kernel mode drivers from altering sensitive parts of the Windows kernel. TDL manages to circumvent this protection as well, by altering a machine’s MBR so that it can intercept Windows startup routines.
Prevx came out with this research, you can read more about their findings here:
There is also an in-depth technical analysis from Microsoft researcher Joe Johnson check here [PDF].
Source: The Register