Archive | June, 2006

UFO ‘Hacker’ Gary McKinnon Reveals What He Found

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An interesting interview had been posted on Wired with Gary McKinnon about what he actually found whilst penetrating the US government networks.

After allegedly hacking into NASA websites — where he says he found images of what looked like extraterrestrial spaceships — the 40-year-old Briton faces extradition to the United States from his North London home. If convicted, McKinnon could receive a 70-year prison term and up to $2 million in fines.

Final paperwork in the case is due this week, after which the British home secretary will rule on the extradition request.

McKinnon, whose extensive search through U.S. computer networks was allegedly conducted between February 2001 and March 2002, picked a particularly poor time to expose U.S. national security failings in light of the terror attacks of Sept. 11, 2001.

You can also search the Darknet archives for more news on Gary.

There are a couple of interesting parts, but it all sounds rather X-Files..

WN: Did you find anything in your search for evidence of UFOs?

McKinnon: Certainly did. There is The Disclosure Project. This is a book with 400 testimonials from everyone from air traffic controllers to those responsible for launching nuclear missiles. Very credible witnesses. They talk about reverse-(engineered) technology taken from captured or destroyed alien craft.

Shame he was on 56k aswell, or we might have gotten some good stuff!

WN: What sort of evidence?

McKinnon: A NASA photographic expert said that there was a Building 8 at Johnson Space Center where they regularly airbrushed out images of UFOs from the high-resolution satellite imaging. I logged on to NASA and was able to access this department. They had huge, high-resolution images stored in their picture files. They had filtered and unfiltered, or processed and unprocessed, files.

My dialup 56K connection was very slow trying to download one of these picture files. As this was happening, I had remote control of their desktop, and by adjusting it to 4-bit color and low screen resolution, I was able to briefly see one of these pictures. It was a silvery, cigar-shaped object with geodesic spheres on either side. There were no visible seams or riveting. There was no reference to the size of the object and the picture was taken presumably by a satellite looking down on it. The object didn’t look manmade or anything like what we have created. Because I was using a Java application, I could only get a screenshot of the picture — it did not go into my temporary internet files. At my crowning moment, someone at NASA discovered what I was doing and I was disconnected.

I also got access to Excel spreadsheets. One was titled “Non-Terrestrial Officers.” It contained names and ranks of U.S. Air Force personnel who are not registered anywhere else. It also contained information about ship-to-ship transfers, but I’ve never seen the names of these ships noted anywhere else.

Interesting eh?

Source: Wired

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LiveJournal Advert Installs Malware

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Seems like someone sneaked past the LiverJournal advertisers policy by only trying to infect Australian and European users.

A certain advertiser (kpremium.com) – being sneaky and underhanded. It’s not LJ’s fault, LJ already disabled the advert from rotation.

The ad itself is for a program that lets you download stuff – you know the sort of thing. The ad is a Flash ad, and masquerades as a banner ad.

Thing is, the Flash ad contains code to open a popup that leads to a very different destination – it’s what I assume is an affiliate link that attempts to download and install ErrorSafe on your computer.

Source: no_lj_ads

LJ have said they are looking into it.

It looks like one of our advertisers possibly managed to sneak past our ad guidelines. The kpremium ad is designed and targeted for people in Western Europe and Australia, and we’ve received reports from people in those regions, indicating that it’s doing obnoxious things with the browsers — shrinking the window and generating popups. (Many people mentioned “ErrorSafe” in

Source: lj_ads

Sneaky eh, all the more reason to use Firefox, Adblock Plus and NoScript!

Also keep your anti-virus software up to date just in case.

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Researchers hack Wi-Fi driver to breach laptop

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Ah another way to exploit wifi, what a surprise!

Security researchers have found a way to seize control of a laptop computer by manipulating buggy code in the system’s wireless device driver.

The hack will be demonstrated at the upcoming Black Hat USA 2006 conference during a presentation by David Maynor, a research engineer with Internet Security Systems and Jon Ellch, a student at the U.S. Naval postgraduate school in Monterey, California.

Another good reason to go to Black Hat 2006! See our list of Security Conferences & Events here.

Hmm fuzzing device drivers, long and tedious, but often leads to a way in. Well come to think of it, fuzzing most things breaks them eventually.

Device driver hacking is technically challenging, but the field has become more appealing in recent years, thanks in part to new software tools that make it easier for less technically savvy hackers, known as script kiddies, to attack wireless cards, Maynor said in an interview.

The two researchers used an open-source 802.11 hacking tool called LORCON (Lots of Radion Connectivity) to throw an extremely large number of wireless packets at different wireless cards. Hackers use this technique, called fuzzing, to see if they can cause programs to fail, or perhaps even run unauthorized software when they are bombarded with unexpected data.

The scary thing is the victim doesnt need to connect to a network or anything, they just need to have the wireless device enabled and be in range, then boom hello! owned.

Source: Infoworld

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Posted in: Hardware Hacking, Wireless Hacking

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Cross Site Scripting (XSS)

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Cross Site Scripting, or know as XSS, is the most common basic web hacking technique… and harmless, as many would say… but on this matter I don’t really agree, that’s why I wrote this article.

About
XSS as I knew it is a very abstract definition for JavaScript injection, or at least this is what I have thought until reading RSnake’s website [speak about it a bit later]…
In fact XSS is more than JavaScript injection, because we can modify a page entire structure through XSS, not only create some actions…
In a small definition: XSS=JavaScript+HTML

The Call Of Javascript
Even if XSS is more than just JavaScript, you will have to basically have some JavaScript knowledge before you can feel the real taste of cross site scripting. For the ones who don’t know JavaScript I recommend them http://www.javascript.com… After learning the basics of this wonderful scripting language, you will be ready to go…

Info: did I mention that Java script was developed by Netscape, and at the beginnings had the name LiteScript?

Posibilities
With XSS you can do “extreme” stuff.. let me explain you in a small amount of words what you can do…. the most simple thing is to redirect the current page to one you like… an illustrative example:

Also you could do something like popping up the cookie:

And if you know a little php you could create a page that save’s data received via get and stores them in a file/database…

Also there are more possibilities with XSS, you just need some creativity…

More XSS
I have found a website where I have learned much about XSS… there is also a little script which encodes the normal text to ASCII, hex, decimal and Base64… also the different types of attacks are shown on which browsers there are available… check out Rsnake’s page on XSS: ha.ckers.org/xss.html

Also a great XSS database can be found at: securityfocus

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Botnets and Phishing Numbers Increasing Despite Crackdown

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Botnets and organises cybercrime is getting more prevalent, it seems it’s increasing exponentially despire crackdowns by the US governments and other organisations.

The criminals are getting more advanced, phishing scams are getting more realistic, technically trojans are getting more effective and the groups are getting really organised.

Cybercrooks are organizing better and moving to more sophisticated tactics to get their hands on confidential data and turn PCs of unwitting users into bots, representatives from the U.S. Department of Justice and the U.S. Air Force Office of Special Investigations said in separate presentations here at the Computer Security Institute’s NetSec event this week.

Law enforcement has had increased successes in catching, prosecuting and convicting phishers and bot herders over the past couple of years. However, catching the bad guys is getting tougher as the criminals become more professional, the representatives said.

The success rate has increased, but the incident rate has increased even higher.

Cybercriminals are often after data they can turn into cash, such as credit card numbers or even trade secrets. “If you have a smaller botnet and you combine that with targeted, really sophisticated social engineering tactics, you’re going to be potentially a lot more successful,” Whitmore said.

The military has seen a rise in such attacks over the last couple of years, Whitmore said. The attackers know what organizations work together, which generals would be involved and what issues they would talk about, she said. It’s “incredibly disturbing, because those are the kinds of things that should be kept somewhat secret,” she said.

The money is in attacking the consumers now, it might be for your credit card details or just your bandwidth to launch DDoS attacks as a way of extorting money from companies.

Either way it seems the paradigm has truly shifted, and attacking corporates is not the way to get the big money.

Source: CNET

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Posted in: Countermeasures, Malware, Phishing

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FireMaster 2.1 – A Firefox Master Password Recovery Tool

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FireMaster version 2.1 has been released with its new features and new speed.

Firemaster is the Firefox master password recovery tool. If you have forgotten the master password, then using FireMaster you can find out the master password and get back your lost signon information. It uses various methods such as dictionary, hybrid and brute force techniques to recover the master password from the firefox key database file.

Since its initial release in Jan 1, 2006 its speed has increased exponentially and currently it is operating at a speed of 50,000 passwords/sec to 100,000 passwords/sec depending upon low end or high end machine.

How it Works?

There is no way to recover the master password as it is not stored at all. Firemaster uses the same technique which has been used by firefox to check if the master password is correct, but in more optimized way. The entire operation goes like this.

  • Firemaster generates passwords on the fly through various methods.
  • Then it computes the hash of the password using known algorithm.
  • Next this password hash is used to decrypt the known encrypted string for which plain text ( i.e. “password-check” ) is known.
  • Now if the decrypted string matches with known plain text ( i.e. “password-check” ) then the generated password is the master password.

Firefox stores the details about encrypted string, salt, algorithm and version information in key database file key3.db in the user’s profile directory. So you can just copy this key3.db to different directory and specify the corresponding path to Firemaster. You can also copy this key3.db to any other high end machine for faster recovery operation.

More details are available here:

FireMaster

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