Naptha – TCP State Exhaustion Vulnerability & Tool

Keep on Guard!


The Naptha vulnerabilities are a type of denial-of-service vulnerabilities researched and documented by Bob Keyes of BindView’s RAZOR Security Team in 2000. The vulnerabilities exist in some implementations of the TCP protocol, specifically in the way some TCP implementations keep track of the state of TCP connections, and allow an attacker to exhaust the resources of a system under attack without utilizing much resources on the system used to launch the attack.

The following links provide more information about the Naptha denial-of-service vulnerabilities:

  • The original BindView advisory is archived here.
  • The advisory that CERT/CC published for the Naptha vulnerabilities is here.

The Tool

To study and show the Naptha vulnerabilities, Bob Keyes wrote the Naptha tool. The tool was written in C and used libpcap to read packets from the network and libdnet to craft packets.

The Naptha tool actually consists of two programs: a program called synsend whose only function is to send TCP SYN packets to the target system, and a program called srvr whose function is to respond to specific traffic received from the target system with TCP packets with specific TCP flags set. Both what traffic to respond to and how to respond to it are specified by the user via command-line arguments.

You can download Naptha here:

naptha-1.1.tgz

Or read more here.

Posted in: Exploits/Vulnerabilities, Hacking Tools, Networking Hacking


Latest Posts:


OWASP ZSC - Obfuscated Code Generator Tool OWASP ZSC – Obfuscated Code Generator Tool
OWASP ZSC is an open source obfuscated code generator tool in Python which lets you generate customized shellcodes and convert scripts to an obfuscated script.
A Look Back At 2017 – Tools & News Highlights A Look Back At 2017 – Tools & News Highlights
So here we are in 2018, taking a look back at 2017, quite a year it was. Here is a quick rundown of some of the best hacking/security tools released in 2017, the biggest news stories and the 10 most viewed posts on Darknet as a bonus.
Spectre & Meltdown Checker - Vulnerability Mitigation Tool For Linux Spectre & Meltdown Checker – Vulnerability Mitigation Tool For Linux
Spectre & Meltdown Checker is a simple shell script to tell if your Linux installation is vulnerable against the 3 "speculative execution" CVEs that were made public early 2018.
Hijacker - Reaver For Android Wifi Hacker App Hijacker – Reaver For Android Wifi Hacker App
Hijacker is a native GUI which provides Reaver for Android along with Aircrack-ng, Airodump-ng and MDK3 making it a powerful Wifi hacker app.
Sublist3r - Fast Python Subdomain Enumeration Tool Sublist3r – Fast Python Subdomain Enumeration Tool
Sublist3r is a Python-based tool designed to enumerate subdomains of websites using OSINT. It helps penetration testers and bug hunters collect and gather subdomains for the domain they are targeting.
coWPAtty Download - Audit Pre-shared WPA Keys coWPAtty Download – Audit Pre-shared WPA Keys
coWPAtty is a C-based tool for running a brute-force dictionary attack against WPA-PSK and audit pre-shared WPA keys.


Comments are closed.