Archive | August, 2017

Instagram Leak From API Spills High Profile User Info

Use Netsparker


Another high profile Instagram leak, this time no there’s actual tangible repercussions other than it could possibly link to the recent Justin Bieber nudes leaked via a compromise of Selena Gomez’s account.

Instagram Leak From API Spills High Profile User Info

There isn’t a whole lot of details about what actually happened, in terms of what went wrong with the API? A wild guess would be some kind of authentication or token bug in the API that allowed you to access certain information about other users that you weren’t supposed to be able to get access to.

Instagram is blaming a bug in its API for the partial breach of verified users’ accounts.

All verified users have been notified that some of their profile data – email address and phone number – could have been viewed by one or more attackers.

The Facebook-owned organisation isn’t explaining any details of the API flaw, which it says has been patched. It’s not clear, for example, whether the API only leaked verified members’ details, or that attackers only dug into verified accounts because they’re more likely to be celebrities.

The notice to users says the malicious activity “was targeted at high-profile users,” and added extra vigilance, particularly if anyone encountered “unrecognised incoming calls, texts, and e-mails”.


It could be possible the Selena Gomez compromise was linked to this indirectly if an attacker managed to get her private contact details through the API then used those to social engineer their way into the account, or even took control exploiting an SS7 flaw to grab SMS OTPs.

As per usual though with no details all we are doing is speculating, and as it’s been fixed it’s very unlikely any details will be forthcoming – this is not the first Instagram leak and it won’t be the last.

As entertainment industry bible Variety has reported, someone recently hijacked actor Selena Gomez’s account to post Justin Beiber nudes.

While it’s feasible that Gomez was tricked into giving her credentials to an attacker who’d obtained her e-mail or phone number through the API bug, there’s nowhere near enough information to definitively link the two events.

The New York Daily News says Instagram confirmed to it that only one attacker had tried to exploit the bug.

Perhaps they should have been using something like Scumblr by Netflix to search their own API..

Facebook is a huge company with so many moving parts, it’s hard to see everything – there will be flaws, they will be found and they will be exploited. That’s just the nature of the Internet machine.

Source: The Register

Posted in: Hacking News, Privacy

Topic: Hacking News, Privacy


Latest Posts:


Malcom - Malware Communication Analyzer Malcom – Malware Communication Analyzer
Malcom is a Malware Communication Analyzer designed to analyze a system's network communication using graphical representations of network traffic.
WepAttack - WLAN 802.11 WEP Key Hacking Tool WepAttack – WLAN 802.11 WEP Key Hacking Tool
WepAttack is a WLAN open source Linux WEP key hacking tool for breaking 802.11 WEP keys using a wordlist based dictionary attack.
Eraser - Windows Secure Erase Hard Drive Wiper Eraser – Windows Secure Erase Hard Drive Wiper
Eraser is a hard drive wiper for Windows which allows you to run a secure erase and completely remove sensitive data from your hard drive by overwriting it several times with carefully selected patterns.
Insecure software versions are a problem Web Security Stats Show XSS & Outdated Software Are Major Problems
Netsparker just published some anonymized Web Security Stats about the security vulnerabilities their online solution identified on their users’ web applications and web services during the last 3 years.
CTFR - Abuse Certificate Transparency Logs For HTTPS Subdomains CTFR – Abuse Certificate Transparency Logs For HTTPS Subdomains
CTFR is a Python-based tool to Abuse Certificate Transparency Logs to get subdomains from a HTTPS website in a few seconds.
testssl.sh - Test SSL Security Including Ciphers, Protocols & Detect Flaws testssl.sh – Test SSL Security Including Ciphers, Protocols & Detect Flaws
testssl.sh is a free command line tool to test SSL security, it checks a server's service on any port for the support of TLS/SSL ciphers, protocols as well as recent cryptographic flaws and more.


GitMiner – Advanced Tool For Mining Github

The New Acunetix V12 Engine


GitMiner is an Advanced search tool for automation in Github, it enables mining Github for useful or potentially dangerous information or for example specific vulnerable or useful WordPress files.

GitMiner - Advanced Tool For Mining Github

This tool aims to facilitate mining the code or snippets on Github through the site’s search page.


What is Mining Github?

GitHub is a web-based Git or version control repository and Internet hosting service. It is mostly used for code. It offers all of the distributed version control and source code management (SCM) functionality of Git as well as adding its own features. It provides access control and several collaboration features such as bug tracking, feature requests, task management, and wikis for every project

From Wiki.

Mining Github relates to the act of scouring Github using the public search engine for sensitive or useful information in code, commit messages etc based on certain search patterns (which can include file types, target file structures like wp-config.php and languages used).

It’s a good practice for an organisation to search its own Github repositories if any of them are public to ensure they aren’t leaking anything sensitive.

There are also other tools that search, scan or mine Github for sensitive information such as:

Github Dorks – Github Security Scanning Tool
Gitrob – Scan Github For Sensitive Files


Usage

You can download GitMiner to mine Github here:

GitMiner-master.zip

Or read more about GitMiner for mining Github here.

Posted in: Hacking Tools

Topic: Hacking Tools


Latest Posts:


Malcom - Malware Communication Analyzer Malcom – Malware Communication Analyzer
Malcom is a Malware Communication Analyzer designed to analyze a system's network communication using graphical representations of network traffic.
WepAttack - WLAN 802.11 WEP Key Hacking Tool WepAttack – WLAN 802.11 WEP Key Hacking Tool
WepAttack is a WLAN open source Linux WEP key hacking tool for breaking 802.11 WEP keys using a wordlist based dictionary attack.
Eraser - Windows Secure Erase Hard Drive Wiper Eraser – Windows Secure Erase Hard Drive Wiper
Eraser is a hard drive wiper for Windows which allows you to run a secure erase and completely remove sensitive data from your hard drive by overwriting it several times with carefully selected patterns.
Insecure software versions are a problem Web Security Stats Show XSS & Outdated Software Are Major Problems
Netsparker just published some anonymized Web Security Stats about the security vulnerabilities their online solution identified on their users’ web applications and web services during the last 3 years.
CTFR - Abuse Certificate Transparency Logs For HTTPS Subdomains CTFR – Abuse Certificate Transparency Logs For HTTPS Subdomains
CTFR is a Python-based tool to Abuse Certificate Transparency Logs to get subdomains from a HTTPS website in a few seconds.
testssl.sh - Test SSL Security Including Ciphers, Protocols & Detect Flaws testssl.sh – Test SSL Security Including Ciphers, Protocols & Detect Flaws
testssl.sh is a free command line tool to test SSL security, it checks a server's service on any port for the support of TLS/SSL ciphers, protocols as well as recent cryptographic flaws and more.


FIR (Fast Incident Response) – Cyber Security Incident Management Platform

Use Netsparker


FIR (Fast Incident Response) is a cyber security incident management platform designed for agility and speed. It allows for easy creation, tracking, and reporting of cybersecurity incidents.

FIR (Fast Incident Response) - Cybersecurity Incident Management Platform


In the fields of computer security and information technology, computer security incident management involves the monitoring and detection of security events on a computer or computer network, and the execution of proper responses to those events. Computer security incident management is a specialized form of incident management, the primary purpose of which is the development of a well understood and predictable response to damaging events and computer intrusions.

Source: Wikipedia

FIR is for anyone needing to track cyber security incidents (CSIRTs, CERTs, SOCs, etc.). It’s was tailored to suit our needs and our team’s habits, but we put a great deal of effort into making it as generic as possible before releasing it so that other teams around the world may also use it and customize it as they see fit.

You can also check out Fully Integrated Defense Operation (FIDO) – Automated Incident Response and FastIR Collector – Windows Incident Response Tool.

FIR Cyber Security Incident Management Features

Here are the available fields:


  • Subject: short description of your incident. The one that will appear on event tables.
  • Business Lines: entities concerned by this incident. You choose what you make of business lines: internal department, customers, etc.
  • Category: category of the incident (ex: phishing, malware). Categories are also customizable in the admin panel.
  • Status: can take three values: Open, Closed and Blocked. These are all labels defined in the admin panel
  • Detection: how the incident was detected. Default values: CERT, External, Poleand Group. These values can be changed in the admin panel in the labels section
  • Severity: from 1 to 4.
  • Date / Time: date and time of the incident
  • Is an incident: differentiates between an event and an incident
  • Description: free-form text describing the event

When you are dealing with cybersecurity incident management, the following additional fields are available. These fields are only used for display and statistics:

  • Actor: who is the leader on this incident management? Default values are CERT and Entity
  • Plan: what is the named remediation plan used?
  • Confidentiality: from C0 to C3

You can download FIR for cyber security incident management here:

FIR-master.zip

Or read more here.

Posted in: Countermeasures, Security Software

Topic: Countermeasures, Security Software


Latest Posts:


Malcom - Malware Communication Analyzer Malcom – Malware Communication Analyzer
Malcom is a Malware Communication Analyzer designed to analyze a system's network communication using graphical representations of network traffic.
WepAttack - WLAN 802.11 WEP Key Hacking Tool WepAttack – WLAN 802.11 WEP Key Hacking Tool
WepAttack is a WLAN open source Linux WEP key hacking tool for breaking 802.11 WEP keys using a wordlist based dictionary attack.
Eraser - Windows Secure Erase Hard Drive Wiper Eraser – Windows Secure Erase Hard Drive Wiper
Eraser is a hard drive wiper for Windows which allows you to run a secure erase and completely remove sensitive data from your hard drive by overwriting it several times with carefully selected patterns.
Insecure software versions are a problem Web Security Stats Show XSS & Outdated Software Are Major Problems
Netsparker just published some anonymized Web Security Stats about the security vulnerabilities their online solution identified on their users’ web applications and web services during the last 3 years.
CTFR - Abuse Certificate Transparency Logs For HTTPS Subdomains CTFR – Abuse Certificate Transparency Logs For HTTPS Subdomains
CTFR is a Python-based tool to Abuse Certificate Transparency Logs to get subdomains from a HTTPS website in a few seconds.
testssl.sh - Test SSL Security Including Ciphers, Protocols & Detect Flaws testssl.sh – Test SSL Security Including Ciphers, Protocols & Detect Flaws
testssl.sh is a free command line tool to test SSL security, it checks a server's service on any port for the support of TLS/SSL ciphers, protocols as well as recent cryptographic flaws and more.


Bitcoin Anonymity Compromised By Most Vendors

Use Netsparker


Cryptocurrency is getting a lot of press lately and some researchers dug a little bit deeper in Bitcoin anonymity as it’s a touted selling point for most cryptocurrencies.

Bitcoin Anonymity Compromised By Most Vendors


It’s not a problem with Bitcoin itself, or any other coin, more the fact that shopping cart implementations and analytics systems aren’t built with the anonymity of cryptocurrency users in mind.

Bitcoin transactions might be anonymous, but on the Internet, its users aren’t – and according to research out of Princeton University, linking the two together is trivial on the modern, much-tracked Internet.

In fact, linking a user’s cookies to their Bitcoin transactions is so straightforward, it’s almost surprising it took this long for a paper like this to be published.

The paper sees privacy researcher Dillon Reisman and Princeton’s Steven Goldfeder, Harry Kalodner and Arvind Narayanan demonstrate just how straightforward it can be to link cookies to cryptocurrency transactions.

Only small amounts of transaction information need to leak, they write, in order for “Alice” to be associated with her Bitcoin transactions. It’s possible to infer the identity of users if they use privacy-protecting services like CoinJoin, a protocol designed to make Bitcoin transactions more anonymous. The protocol aims is to make it impossible to infer which inputs and outputs belong to each other.


So yah I guess if you care about not having your transactions (and/or your wallet) linked to you, be careful what sites you use to transact. Although honestly, I don’t think it’s a huge deal as the way everything works now, it’s very hard to be involved in cryptocurrencies and not be traceable.

All exchanges require identity documents before you can deposit/withdraw, you need an e-mail address to sign in and if you’re buying something online you need some way to receive it either digitally or via a physical address.

Of 130 online merchants that accept Bitcoin, the researchers say, 53 leak payment information to 40 third parties, “most frequently from shopping cart pages,” and most of these on purpose (for advertising, analytics and the like).

Worse, “many merchant websites have far more serious (and likely unintentional) information leaks that directly reveal the exact transaction on the blockchain to dozens of trackers”.

Of the 130 sites the researchers checked:

  • In total, 107 sites leaked some kind of transaction information;
  • 31 allowed third-party scripts to access users’ Bitcoin addresses;
  • 104 shared the non-BTC denominated price of a transaction; and
  • 30 shared the transaction price in Bitcoin.

It doesn’t help that even for someone running tracking protection, a substantial amount of personal information was passed around by the sites examined in the study.

If you use the web now, you’re getting tracked, it’s just the way it is. You can block a fair amount of it – but this is just another vector to consider for those who haven’t yet embraced the post-privacy era we live in.

It’s good to see research being done in this area as I think these are things many people might not have thought about.

Source: The Register

Posted in: Cryptography

Topic: Cryptography


Latest Posts:


Malcom - Malware Communication Analyzer Malcom – Malware Communication Analyzer
Malcom is a Malware Communication Analyzer designed to analyze a system's network communication using graphical representations of network traffic.
WepAttack - WLAN 802.11 WEP Key Hacking Tool WepAttack – WLAN 802.11 WEP Key Hacking Tool
WepAttack is a WLAN open source Linux WEP key hacking tool for breaking 802.11 WEP keys using a wordlist based dictionary attack.
Eraser - Windows Secure Erase Hard Drive Wiper Eraser – Windows Secure Erase Hard Drive Wiper
Eraser is a hard drive wiper for Windows which allows you to run a secure erase and completely remove sensitive data from your hard drive by overwriting it several times with carefully selected patterns.
Insecure software versions are a problem Web Security Stats Show XSS & Outdated Software Are Major Problems
Netsparker just published some anonymized Web Security Stats about the security vulnerabilities their online solution identified on their users’ web applications and web services during the last 3 years.
CTFR - Abuse Certificate Transparency Logs For HTTPS Subdomains CTFR – Abuse Certificate Transparency Logs For HTTPS Subdomains
CTFR is a Python-based tool to Abuse Certificate Transparency Logs to get subdomains from a HTTPS website in a few seconds.
testssl.sh - Test SSL Security Including Ciphers, Protocols & Detect Flaws testssl.sh – Test SSL Security Including Ciphers, Protocols & Detect Flaws
testssl.sh is a free command line tool to test SSL security, it checks a server's service on any port for the support of TLS/SSL ciphers, protocols as well as recent cryptographic flaws and more.


NoSQLMap – Automated NoSQL MongoDB Exploitation Tool

Use Netsparker


NoSQLMap is an open source Python-based automated NoSQL MongoDB exploitation tool designed to audit for as well as automate injection attacks and exploit default configuration weaknesses in NoSQL databases. It is also intended to attack web applications using NoSQL in order to disclose data from the database.

NoSQLMap - Automated NoSQL MongoDB Exploitation Tool


What is NoSQLMap?

Presently the tool’s exploits are focused around MongoDB, but additional support for other NoSQL based platforms such as CouchDB, Redis, and Cassandra are planned in future releases.

A NoSQL (originally referring to “non SQL”, “non-relational” or “not only SQL”) database provides a mechanism for storage and retrieval of data which is modelled by means other than the tabular relations used in relational databases. Such databases have existed since the late 1960s, but did not obtain the “NoSQL” moniker until a surge of popularity in the early twenty-first century, triggered by the needs of Web 2.0 companies such as Facebook, Google, and Amazon.com.

NoSQL databases are increasingly used in big data and real-time web applications. NoSQL systems are also sometimes called “Not only SQL” to emphasize that they may support SQL-like query languages.

And if you’ve been paying attention, you’ll know you will need some help with MongoDB Security.

Don’t forget to check this too: mongoaudit – MongoDB Auditing & Pen-testing Tool

Requirements for NoSQL MongoDB Exploitation

On a Debian or Red Hat based system, the setup.sh script may be run as root to automate the installation of NoSQLMap’s dependencies.

Varies based on features used:

  • Metasploit Framework,
  • Python with PyMongo,
  • httplib2,
  • and urllib available.
  • A local, default MongoDB instance for cloning databases to

There are some various other libraries required that a normal Python installation should have readily available. Your mileage may vary, check the script.


NoSQLMap MongoDB Hacking Usage Options

  1. Set target host/IP-The target web server (i.e. www.google.com) or MongoDB server you want to attack.
  2. Set web app port-TCP port for the web application if a web application is the target.
  3. Set URI Path-The portion of the URI containing the page name and any parameters but NOT the host name (e.g. /app/acct.php?acctid=102).
  4. Set HTTP Request Method (GET/POST)-Set the request method to a GET or POST; Presently only GET is implemented but working on implementing POST requests exported from Burp.
  5. Set my local Mongo/Shell IP-Set this option if attacking a MongoDB instance directly to the IP of a target Mongo installation to clone victim databases to or open Meterpreter shells to.
  6. Set shell listener port-If opening Meterpreter shells, specify the port.
  7. Load options file-Load a previously saved set of settings for 1-6.
  8. Load options from saved Burp request-Parse a request saved from Burp Suite and populate the web application options.
  9. Save options file-Save settings 1-6 for future use.

You can download NoSQLMap here:

NoSQLMap-0.5.zip

Or read more here.

Posted in: Database Hacking

Topic: Database Hacking


Latest Posts:


Malcom - Malware Communication Analyzer Malcom – Malware Communication Analyzer
Malcom is a Malware Communication Analyzer designed to analyze a system's network communication using graphical representations of network traffic.
WepAttack - WLAN 802.11 WEP Key Hacking Tool WepAttack – WLAN 802.11 WEP Key Hacking Tool
WepAttack is a WLAN open source Linux WEP key hacking tool for breaking 802.11 WEP keys using a wordlist based dictionary attack.
Eraser - Windows Secure Erase Hard Drive Wiper Eraser – Windows Secure Erase Hard Drive Wiper
Eraser is a hard drive wiper for Windows which allows you to run a secure erase and completely remove sensitive data from your hard drive by overwriting it several times with carefully selected patterns.
Insecure software versions are a problem Web Security Stats Show XSS & Outdated Software Are Major Problems
Netsparker just published some anonymized Web Security Stats about the security vulnerabilities their online solution identified on their users’ web applications and web services during the last 3 years.
CTFR - Abuse Certificate Transparency Logs For HTTPS Subdomains CTFR – Abuse Certificate Transparency Logs For HTTPS Subdomains
CTFR is a Python-based tool to Abuse Certificate Transparency Logs to get subdomains from a HTTPS website in a few seconds.
testssl.sh - Test SSL Security Including Ciphers, Protocols & Detect Flaws testssl.sh – Test SSL Security Including Ciphers, Protocols & Detect Flaws
testssl.sh is a free command line tool to test SSL security, it checks a server's service on any port for the support of TLS/SSL ciphers, protocols as well as recent cryptographic flaws and more.


UACMe – Defeat Windows User Account Control (UAC)

Use Netsparker


UACme is a compiled, C-based tool which contains a number of methods to defeat Windows User Account Control commonly known as UAC. It abuses the built-in Windows AutoElevate backdoor and contains 41 methods.

UACMe - Defeat Windows User Account Control (UAC)


The tool requires an Admin account with the Windows UAC set to default settings.

Usage

Run executable from command line: akagi32 [Key] [Param] or akagi64 [Key] [Param].

First param is number of method to use, second is optional command (executable file name including full path) to run. Second param can be empty – in this case program will execute elevated cmd.exe from system32 folder.

Examples:

Caveats

  • This tool shows ONLY popular UAC bypass method used by malware, and reimplements some of them in a different way improving original concepts. There exists different, not yet known to general public methods, be aware of these
  • This tool is not intended for AV tests and not tested to work in an aggressive AV environment, if you still plan to use it with installed bloatware AV soft – you use it at your own risk
  • Some AV may flag this tool as HackTool, MSE/WinDefender constantly marks it as malware
  • If you run this program on real computer remember to remove all program leftovers after usage, for more info about files it drops to system folders see source code
  • Most of the methods are created for x64, with no x86-32 support in mind. The author doesn’t see any sense in supporting 32-bit versions of Windows or wow64. However, with small tweaks, most of them will run under wow64 as well

You can download UACMe here:

UACME-v2.7.0.zip

Or read more here.

Posted in: Exploits/Vulnerabilities, Hacking Tools, Windows Hacking

Topic: Exploits/Vulnerabilities, Hacking Tools, Windows Hacking


Latest Posts:


Malcom - Malware Communication Analyzer Malcom – Malware Communication Analyzer
Malcom is a Malware Communication Analyzer designed to analyze a system's network communication using graphical representations of network traffic.
WepAttack - WLAN 802.11 WEP Key Hacking Tool WepAttack – WLAN 802.11 WEP Key Hacking Tool
WepAttack is a WLAN open source Linux WEP key hacking tool for breaking 802.11 WEP keys using a wordlist based dictionary attack.
Eraser - Windows Secure Erase Hard Drive Wiper Eraser – Windows Secure Erase Hard Drive Wiper
Eraser is a hard drive wiper for Windows which allows you to run a secure erase and completely remove sensitive data from your hard drive by overwriting it several times with carefully selected patterns.
Insecure software versions are a problem Web Security Stats Show XSS & Outdated Software Are Major Problems
Netsparker just published some anonymized Web Security Stats about the security vulnerabilities their online solution identified on their users’ web applications and web services during the last 3 years.
CTFR - Abuse Certificate Transparency Logs For HTTPS Subdomains CTFR – Abuse Certificate Transparency Logs For HTTPS Subdomains
CTFR is a Python-based tool to Abuse Certificate Transparency Logs to get subdomains from a HTTPS website in a few seconds.
testssl.sh - Test SSL Security Including Ciphers, Protocols & Detect Flaws testssl.sh – Test SSL Security Including Ciphers, Protocols & Detect Flaws
testssl.sh is a free command line tool to test SSL security, it checks a server's service on any port for the support of TLS/SSL ciphers, protocols as well as recent cryptographic flaws and more.