Archive | August, 2016

UFONet – Open Redirect DDoS Tool

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UFONet is an open redirect DDoS tool designed to launch attacks against a target, using insecure redirects in third party web applications, like a botnet. Obviously, only for testing purposes.

UFONet - Open Redirect DDoS Tool

The tool abuses OSI Layer 7-HTTP to create/manage ‘zombies’ and to conduct different attacks using; GET/POST, multi-threading, proxies, origin spoofing methods, cache evasion techniques, etc.

Definition of an “Open Redirect”:

An http parameter may contain a URL value and could cause the web application to redirect the request to the specified URL. By modifying the URL value to a malicious site, an attacker may successfully launch a phishing scam and steal user credentials. Because the server name in the modified link is identical to the original site, phishing attempts have a more trustworthy appearance.

From: CWE-601: URL Redirection to Untrusted Site (‘Open Redirect’)

Usage

Searching for ‘Zombies’

UFONet can dig on different search engines results to find possible ‘Open Redirect’ vulnerable sites. A common query string should be like this:


For example you can begin a search with:

Or providing a list of “dorks” from a file:

By default UFONet will uses a search engine called ‘duck’. But you can choose a different one:

This is the list of available search engines with last time that were working:

You can also search massively using all search engines supported:

To control how many ‘zombies’ recieve from search engines you can use:

At the end of the process, you will be asked if you want to check the list retrieved to see if the urls are vulnerable.

Also, you will be asked to update the list adding automatically only ‘vulnerable’ web apps.

If you reply ‘Y’ your new ‘zombies’ will be appended to the file named: zombies.txt

Examples:

You can download UFOnet here:

Or read more here.

Posted in: Hacking Tools, Web Hacking

Topic: Hacking Tools, Web Hacking


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Pompem – Exploit & Vulnerability Finder

The New Acunetix V12 Engine


Pompem is an open source exploit & vulnerability finder tool, designed to automate the search for Exploits and Vulnerability in the most important databases. Developed in Python, has a system of advanced search, that help the work of pen-testers and ethical hackers.

Pompem - Exploit & Vulnerability Finder

In the current version, it performs searches in PacketStorm security, CXSecurity, ZeroDay, Vulners, National Vulnerability Database, WPScan Vulnerability Database.

Usage

To get the list of basic options and information about the project:


Examples of use:

You can download Pompem here:

Pompem-v0.2.0.zip

Or read more here.

Posted in: Exploits/Vulnerabilities, Hacking Tools

Topic: Exploits/Vulnerabilities, Hacking Tools


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Bug Bounties Reaching $500,000 For iOS Exploits

The New Acunetix V12 Engine


It seems this year bug bounties are getting really serious, especially on the secondary market involving exploit trading firms, not direct to the software producer or owner.

Bug Bounties Reaching $500,000 For iOS Exploits

$500,000 isn’t chump change and would be a good year for a small security team, especially living somewhere with a weaker currency. Even for a solo security researcher in the US or Europe that’s a serious wad of cash.

Chrome isn’t too far behind either with $150,000 payouts available.

Last week Apple made its belated entrance into the bug bounty market, announcing a top award of $200,000 for major flaws in iOS, but Cook & Co have been comprehensively outbid.

On Tuesday, exploit trading firm Exodus Intelligence said it is willing to pay $500,000 for a major flaw in iOS 9.3 and above – and the exploit to use it. Researchers can either take a lump sum or accept a smaller sum and quarterly payments until the exploit is found, which the company’s founder told The Reg could add up to even more.

“The majority of our clients are defensive vendors, penetration testers, and red/blue teams,” said Logan Brown, president of Exodus.

Apple exploits get the highest reward, reflective of their scarcity. Microsoft and Google’s bug bounty programs will also need to up their rewards to match Exodus’s prices.

A zero day in Google Chrome would earn a maximum of $150,000, 50 per cent more than the Chocolate Factory’s highest cash payout.


It looks like Apple devices are still the hot thing to go after with a serious lack of exploits available for new iOS versions. Even Apple themselves are offering $200,000

To get the maximum payout from Apple you’ll need to provide a flaw in the secure boot firmware that so irritated the FBI, while a crack that can extract confidential data protected by a phone or tablet’s secure enclave processor (SEP) will yield a prize of up to $100,000.

Meanwhile, finding a serious flaw in Redmond’s Edge browser is worth $125,000 to Exodus, dwarfing the $500 and $1,500 currently offered by Microsoft. There’s also $75,000 up for grabs if you can subvert the local privileges in Windows 10 and show how it’s done.

Exodus has said it’s happy to pay these bounties in check, wire transfer, Western Union, or Bitcoin.

Nevertheless, this is exactly the type of bidding war that major software companies didn’t want to see when they started doing bug bounties. Initially prices for vulnerabilities were set low, but are rising to meet market rates. Now security researchers are able to make a decent living practicing their craft.

As you can see, Exodus is offering multitudes more than the vendors themselves with a flaw in Edge going for $125,000 with Microsoft only offering a measly $1500.

It’s not what the software vendors wanted, but it’s what the public needs to expose serious flaws – they need to cough up and catch market rates though. If not the exploits may end up with governments that probably shouldn’t have them.

Source: The Register

Posted in: Apple, Exploits/Vulnerabilities

Topic: Apple, Exploits/Vulnerabilities


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CuckooDroid – Automated Android Malware Analysis

Use Netsparker


CuckooDroid is an extension of Cuckoo Sandbox the Open Source software for automating analysis of suspicious files, for Android malware analysis. CuckooDroid brings to Cuckoo the capabilities of execution and analysis of android applications.

CuckooDroid - Automated Android Malware Analysis

CuckooDroid provides both static and dynamic APK inspection as well as evading certain VM-detection techniques, encryption key extraction, SSL inspection, API call trace, basic behavioural signatures and many other features.

The framework is highly customizable and extensible – leveraging the power of the large existing Cuckoo community.

Installation

You can download CuckooDroid here:

cuckoo-droid-master.zip

Or read more here.

Posted in: Forensics, Malware

Topic: Forensics, Malware


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Telegram Hack – Possible Nation State Attack By Iran

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So there’s been a lot of news lately about the Telegram hack and how 15 million accounts were compromised, which is not technically true. There’s 2 vectors of attack at play here, both of which regard Iranian users, but are not connected (other than the attackers probably being the same group).

Telegram Hacked - Possible Nation State Attack By Iran

So the two attacks were related to two totally different parts of the Telegram stack, one being targeted at a small number of user accounts via SMS 2FA and the other being a fairly basic API brute-force for information gathering purposes.

Amnesty International technologist and researcher Claudio Guarnieri and independent security researcher Collin Anderson traced recent Telegram account breaches in Iran to the SMS messages Telegram sends to people when they activate a new device. The texts contain a verification code that Telegram asks people to enter to complete a new device setup. A hacker with access to someone’s text messages can obtain these codes and enter them to add their own devices to the person’s account, thus gaining access to their data including chat histories.

The researchers think the Iranian hacking group Rocket Kitten is behind the Telegram breaches, based on similarities to the infrastructure of past phishing attacks attributed to the group. There is widespread speculation that Rocket Kitten has ties to the Iranian government. “Their focus generally revolves around those with an interest in Iran and defense issues, but their activity is absolutely global,” says John Hultquist, who manages the cyber espionage intelligence team at the security firm FireEye, of Rocket Kitten. In the case of the Telegram attacks, the researchers also suggested that SMS messages may have been compromised by Iranian cell phone companies themselves, an industry that also has potential ties to the government.


So the first part is quite serious, as it means the bad actors can totally hijack the accounts of certain users by receiving the new device activation code via SMS. There are links to the Iranian hacking group Rocket Kitten and also possibilities that the government gave access to these SMS messages.

The other option is the recently disclosed SS7 flaw that renders SMS as a 2FA method, pretty insecure.

That SMS is involved is no surprise. It has increasingly fallen out of favor as a “factor” in multi-factor authentication, because it can be compromised in a number of different ways. The National Institute of Standards and Technology even denounced SMS for two-factor in draft recommendations last week.

Telegram said in a statement to WIRED that it is “much like any SMS-based app. If someone has access to your SMS messages, they will get access to your account. If you have two-factor authentication enabled on Telegram, and they have access to your recovery email and SMS, they will get access to your account.”

In addition to concerns about SMS, the researchers also noted that the hackers were able to access 15 million phone number/account combos using Telegram’s public-facing application program interface.

The hackers brute-forced the API by entering millions of Iranian mobile phone numbers and collecting those that returned a user ID. “Since Telegram is based on phone contacts, any party can potentially check whether a phone number is registered in the system.

The second part, is much less exciting and basically involved the hackers brute forcing the Telegram API with Iranian format phone numbers to return all users with a user ID (15 Million phone numbers). Which they could then choose who to hijack using the SMS authentication message (only 12 users).

Which means the gravity of this hack in the media is often overstated.

Source: Wired

Posted in: Exploits/Vulnerabilities, Privacy

Topic: Exploits/Vulnerabilities, Privacy


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miranda-upnp – Interactive UPnP Client

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Miranda is a Python-based UPnP (Universal Plug-N-Play) client application designed to discover, query and interact with UPNP devices, particularly Internet Gateway Devices (aka, routers). It can be used to audit UPNP-enabled devices on a network for possible vulnerabilities.

miranda-upnp -  Interactive UPnP Client

Miranda was built on and for a Linux system and has been tested on a Linux 2.6 kernel with Python 2.5. However, since it is written in Python, most functionality should be available for any Python-supported platform. Miranda has been tested against IGDs from various vendors, including Linksys, D-Link, Belkin and ActionTec. All Python modules came installed by default on a Linux Mint 5 (Ubuntu 8.04) test system.

Features

Some of its features include:

  • Interactive shell with tab completion and command history
  • Passive and active discovery of UPNP devices
  • Customizable MSEARCH queries (query for specific devices/services)
  • Full control over application settings such as IP addresses, ports and headers
  • Simple enumeration of UPNP devices, services, actions and variables
  • Correlation of input/output state variables with service actions
  • Ability to send actions to UPNP services/devices
  • Ability to save data to file for later analysis and collaboration
  • Command logging

Usage

You can download miranda-upnp here:

miranda-upnp-master.zip

Or read more here.

Posted in: Hacking Tools, Networking Hacking

Topic: Hacking Tools, Networking Hacking


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