Archive | July, 2012

Sophos Offers Free Android Antivirus App

Outsmart Malicious Hackers


Sophos seems to be a lot more aggressive recently when it comes to the consumer market, they used to be a hardcore enterprise only solution when they first started out. I guess they’ve realized where the money is.

Back in 2010 they one of the first to come out with a free Antivirus solution for Apple (Sophos Launches FREE Anti-Virus Software For Mac), and now they are coming out with a free AV solution for Android devices.

Sophos has crafted a freebie antivirus app dubbed Sophos Mobile Security for Android-powered devices.

The software tries to protect smartphones against malware, warns fandroids of privacy-invading programs and can lock down a gadget if it’s lost or stolen, ideally without taxing either performance or battery life. The software, released on Monday, can be downloaded from Google Play.

Several free-of-charge security scanners already exist for the Android platform, but the performance of some in recent tests has been mediocre. Paid-for products from the likes of Kaspersky and F-Secure tend to perform better. Sophos is positioning its product against the more capable freebie Android scanners from the likes of Lookout and AVG (Droid Security), but with the additional benefit of offering hardware loss and privacy dashboard features more associated with paid-for products.

Sophos Mobile Security is designed to automatically scan apps as users install them, thus blocking undesirable software. The technology also locates lost or stolen Android devices as well as shielding personal information from thieves.

It is something that’s definitely required as there has been an extremely worrying and rather dangerous trend of Android malware emerging lately:

Android Malware App Covertly Makes Purchases On China Mobile Market
Android Trojan Targets Japanese Market – Steals Personal Data
China Facing Problems With Android Handsets & Pre-installed Trojans

They definitely aren’t the first either, back in 2010 Symantec had already expanded their range to cover Android – Symantec Expands Security Products To Cover Android & iOS.


Sophos has entered the mobile security zone a few years late, but rather than corner the freebie Android scanner market, its new software will be used to market a managed Enterprise version, due to be released this year.

The strategy makes sense because it dovetails neatly with the bring-your-own-device craze that’s allowing consumers’ technology choices shape corporate IT, including the mobile security products that are used.

Android malware last year increased 155 percent from 2010, according to Juniper Networks.

“We’re seeing no slowdown in the number of malicious apps, as more smartphone owners use their devices to not only store personal data, but also access social networks and the internet,” said Matthias Pankert, vice president of product management, Sophos. “This usage, coupled with the increase in Bring Your Own Device (BYOD) activity, is making Android devices a compelling target for cybercriminals and malware.”

Sophos released a freebie security scanner for Macs two years ago. The plan in that case was more about improving home punters’ cyber-hygiene than pushing licences, but mobile security is much more integral to the corporate plans of the UK-based security software firm, so Sophos Mobile Security is not a philanthropic gesture

It seems to be more of a marketing play than anything else though, with them introducing this free version to hook people into a commercial enterprise solution later. We’ll start seeing this in employment contracts in the future I guess:

If you use your own device with the company e-mail/fileshare/wifi etc you need to have the corporate mobile security solution XXX installed

We will see more people entering this arena too, with Android having a more open ecosystem than iOS – it’s also a lot more open to malware and spurious apps.

Source: The Register

Posted in: Countermeasures, Malware, Security Software

Topic: Countermeasures, Malware, Security Software


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Hcon Security Testing Framework (HconSTF) v0.4 – Fire Base

Outsmart Malicious Hackers


HconSTF is an Open Source Penetration Testing Framework based on different browser technologies, Which helps any security professional to assists in the Penetration testing or vulnerability scanning assessment. It contains webtools which are capable of carrying out XSS attacks, SQL Injection, siXSS, CSRF, Trace XSS, RFI, LFI, etc. It could prove useful to anybody interested in the information security domain – students, security professionals, web developers and so on.

Hcon Security Testing Framework (HconSTF) v0.4

Features

  • Categorized and comprehensive toolset
  • Contains hundreds of tools and features and script for different tasks like SQLi, XSS, Dorks, OSINT to name a few
  • HconSTF webUI with online tools (same as the Aqua base version of HconSTF)
  • Each and every option is configured for penetration testing and Vulnerability assessments
  • Specially configured and enhanced for gaining easy & solid anonymity
  • Works for web app testing assessments specially for OWASP top 10
  • Easy to use & collaborative Operating System like interface
  • Multi-Language support (feature in heavy development translators needed)

You can download HconSTF 0.4 beta here:

HconSTF_v0.4_Freedom_portable.exe

Or read more here.

Posted in: Hacking Tools

Topic: Hacking Tools


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Nvidia Investigates Claims Of Online Store Compromise During Spate Of Hacking

Keep on Guard!


Just a few days back we posted about Yahoo! Voices Hacked With SQL Injection – Passwords In Plaintext, and most recently it seems someone has been going after Nvidia pretty hard.

They have already had a few web properties hacked including their forum, the developer zone and their research site. The latest break in the news is a claim that the store has been hacked – they have suspended access whilst they investigate.

Graphics chip manufacturer Nvidia is investigating claims that hackers have compromised its online stores as part of a larger attack that affected several of its websites.

On Friday, a hacker group calling itself Team Apollo claimed that one of Nvidia’s online stores was compromised. As a result, the company suspended access to its Board Store and Gear Store websites.

“Nvidia is investigating whether the store sites were hacked,” Bea Longworth, Nvidia’s senior PR manager for EMEAI (Europe, Middle East, Africa, India), said Monday via email. “We don’t have any evidence that credit card data or customer lists have been put at risk, but we’re investigating.”

The news follows confirmed compromises of some of the company’s other websites last week. “Nvidia Forums, Nvidia Developer Zone and Nvidia Research were compromised in what appears to have been a breach by third parties seeking sensitive information,” Longworth said. On Thursday, Nvidia revealed that hackers had gained access to the Nvidia Forums database and stole usernames, email addresses, hashed passwords and user profile information.

We haven’t really discussed Nvidia much before and I dont recall them being a hacking target previously, we’ve only mentioned them in passing when it comes to tools and methods using graphics card chips for brute forcing like – CUDA-Multiforcer – GPU Powered High Performance Multihash Brute Forcer.

I imagine them having a store and carrying out transactions online puts them in the firing range though, when there’s money or credit card details involved – the bad guys will come.


On the same day, the company also took its Developer Zone and Nvidia Research websites offline over suspicions of compromise. Those suspicions were confirmed on Friday, when a hacker posted hashed passwords for a proportion of DevZone users on a public website.

Nvidia was not the only company forced to deal with data leaks that resulted from hacker attacks during the past week.

On Tuesday, the company operating Formspring, a website where users can post and answer questions, disabled its users’ passwords after 420,000 password hashes were posted on a forum. The company later confirmed that someone broke into one of its development servers and stole user account information from a production database.

On Thursday, a hacker group published a list of 450,000 log-in credentials that it claimed to have stolen from the database of an unnamed Yahoo service. Yahoo later confirmed that the log-in credentials were from its Yahoo! Contributor Network service.

Nvidia has taken the other compromised sites down and confirmed they were hacked, I wonder if the threat against the store is just bravado or someone genuinely has compromised it. There seems to be no proof of that at this point however.

There seems to have a been a real glut of these kind of attacks lately, I wonder if there’s a new vulnerability passing around the underground that no-one knows about in a common web language like PHP or in a common service like Apache or the recent MySQL bug.

I wouldn’t be surprised if a lot of these are due to this: MySQL 1 Liner Hack Gives Root Access Without Password.

Source: Network World

Posted in: Exploits/Vulnerabilities, Hacking News

Topic: Exploits/Vulnerabilities, Hacking News


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spt v0.6.0 – Simple Phishing Toolkit Available For Download

Keep on Guard!


spt is a simple concept with powerful possibilities. It is what it’s name implies: a simple phishing toolkit.

The basic idea the spt project had was “Wouldn’t it be cool if there were a simple, effective, easy to use and free (most importantly!) tool that information security professionals could use to evaluate and train what we all know is the weakest link in any security minded organization: the people?“.

spt - Simple Phishing Toolkit

Since the founders of the spt project are themselves information security professionals by day, they themselves faced the frustration of dealing with people within their own organizations that claimed to know better, but 9 times out of 10 fell for the most absurdly obvious phishing emails ever seen. A malware outbreak here, a stolen password and loss of critical organizational data there and the costs of dealing with the results of phishing can get to be astronomical pretty darn quickly!

Enter spt. spt was made from scratch, with the goal of giving over-worked and under-staffed information security professionals a simple tool (more like a framework, as they hope to add more features over time) that could be used to identify and train those weakest links. spt is a fully self-contained phishing email toolkit that can be installed, configured and phishing in less than 15 minutes. Its design is modular and open-ended allowing for future expansion and additional features via easy to snap-in modules that are simply uploaded in the administration dashboard. Why not try out spt today and see who your weakest link is?

You can download spt here:

sptoolkit_0.60_zip.zip

Or read more here.

Posted in: Countermeasures, Phishing, Security Software

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Yahoo! Voices Hacked With SQL Injection – Passwords In Plaintext

Outsmart Malicious Hackers


There’s been a few HUGE cases of large sites being hacked and exposing either plaintext or extremely poorly encrypted passwords, it happened to LinkedIn not that long ago – and the latest case is of Yahoo!.

It wasn’t the main site, but with almost half a million username and password combos exposed – it’s a fairly large leak. It came from the Yahoo! Voices subdomain (Yahoo! Contributor Network) and seems to have been carried out with a fairly basic UNION type SQL Injection.

I imagine the database or old part of the site that powered the Yahoo! Contributor Network was developed way back in history before secure programming was as big (and as prominent) as it is now, and before frameworks took care of most the security nuts and bolts.

A Yahoo security breach that exposed 450,000 usernames and passwords from a site on the huge web portal indicates that the company failed to take even basic precautions to protect the data.

Security experts were befuddled Thursday as to why a company as large as Yahoo would fail to cryptographically store the passwords in its database. Instead, they were left in plain text, which means a hacker could easily read them.

“It is definitely poor security,” Marcus Carey, a security researcher at Rapid7, said. “It’s not even security 101. It’s basic application development 101.”

Yahoo declined a request for an interview, and only emailed a statement confirming the breach that occurred Wednesday. The company said that an “older file” containing roughly 450,000 user names and passwords was stolen from its Contributor Network, a subset of Yahoo’s massive network of Web sites. Membership in the Contributor Network consists of freelance journalists who write content for Yahoo Voices. The network was established following Yahoo’s 2010 acquisition of Associated Content.

Less than 5 percent of the stolen data had valid passwords, Yahoo said. “We are taking immediate action by fixing the vulnerability that led to the disclosure of this data, changing the passwords of the affected Yahoo! users and notifying the companies whose users accounts may have been compromised,” the statement said.

Yahoo! seemed to have taken action fairly quickly, but still this is a very sloppy example of data security – even if it was an old system and a defunct one at that.

Unsurprisingly, the top 5 most common passwords in this data set were extremely easy to guess:

  • 123456
  • password
  • welcome
  • ninja
  • abc123

Ninja is a new entrant though, I don’t remember that being in the old common password lists, such as those in this article: The Top 10 Most Common Passwords


The breach had ramifications far beyond Yahoo, because the portal allowed people registering with the Contributor Network to use credentials from other sites to log in. Carey identified some of the other sites as Google’s Gmail, Microsoft’s Hotmail, AOL, Comcast and Verizon.

A hacker group called D33Ds Company took credit for the breach, and posted a statement on its website saying the attack was a warning. “We hope that the parties responsible for managing the security of this subdomain will take this as a wake-up call, and not as a threat,” the group said, according to media reports. “There have been many security holes exploited in Web servers belonging to Yahoo! Inc. that have caused far greater damage than our disclosure. Please do not take them lightly.”

The hackers claimed to use a common attack method called a SQL injection to access the database that fed the server hosting the site. A SQL injection typically involves sending commands through a search field or a URL to break into a poorly secured site. Tony Perez, chief operating officer for Sucuri, who used to work with defense contractors in developing secure applications, said Yahoo’s overall security lapses were a disservice to its users. “It makes you wonder. If a property like Yahoo at that scale is doing that, and they did it for their Yahoo Voices, what’s the probability of that also occurring in their other properties?”

The Yahoo breach occurred a month after professional social networking site LinkedIn acknowledged that 6.5 million usernames and passwords were stolen and posted on a Russian hacker forum. In that case, the passwords had been stored using a cryptographic method called hashing.

At least LinkedIn had the passwords hashed, albeit without salting – so they were pretty secure (but still not secure enough). Please hash, salt, use a salt on the physical disk from a file – oh there’s so many things developers can do to make sure if their system does get cracked – the damage is limited.

But do they do it, well mostly no – because product owners/managers are pushing out things with feature-set being the priority and anything else being pretty much unimportant.

It does make you wonder though, Yahoo! as an organization – how do they store their passwords for other web properties? I wouldn’t be surprised if it’s done with equal slackness.

Source: Network World

Posted in: Exploits/Vulnerabilities, Privacy, Web Hacking

Topic: Exploits/Vulnerabilities, Privacy, Web Hacking


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Microsoft Enhanced Mitigation Evaluation Toolkit (EMET) 3rd Party GUI

Outsmart Malicious Hackers


We published an article about Microsoft Enhanced Mitigation Evaluation Toolkit (EMET) when it came out back in June 2011.

The Native GUI for EMET is in .NET and there are some situations or restricted environments where you may be unable to install .NET or just simple don’t want to use it.

This is where this third-party graphical interface for the Enhanced Mitigation Experience Toolkit comes in, it has no dependence on .NET and will work fine in environments without that capability.

3rd Party GUI for Microsoft EMET

You can download EMET GUI here:

nemet.zip

Or read more here.

Posted in: Countermeasures, Security Software, Windows Hacking

Topic: Countermeasures, Security Software, Windows Hacking


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