Archive | October, 2011

Facebook Attachment Uploader Owned By A Space

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Oh look – another vulnerability in Facebook! It wasn’t long ago we reported New Research Shows Facebook’s URL Scanner Is Vulnerable To Cloaking.

Well this time the private messaging function has been compromised, you can attach an executable and send it to anyone as long as you put a space after the filename.

It’s not the first time I’ve seen a mime/file/etc parser be owned by a space, but I expected better from Facebook to be honest.

A security penetration tester discovered a major flaw in Facebook that could allow a person to send anyone on the social-networking site malicious applications.

Nathan Power, a senior security penetration tester at technology consultancy CDW, discovered the vulnerability and publicly disclosed it Thursday on his blog. The flaw was reported to Facebook on Sept. 30, which acknowledged the issue on Wednesday, he wrote.

Power, who could not immediately be reached, wrote that Facebook does not normally allow a person to send an executable attachment using the “Message” tab. If you try to do that, it returns the message “Error Uploading: You cannot attach files of that type.”

Facebook has acknowledged the bug (which is a pretty serious one) but it’s unknown if they’ve actually fixed it yet or not.

You can see the original blog post outlining the vulnerability here:

Facebook Attach EXE Vulnerability

Good job Nathan Power!


Power wrote that an analysis of the browser’s “POST” request sent to Facebook’s servers showed that a variable called “filename” is parsed to see if a file should be allowed. But by simply by modifying the POST request with a space just after the file name, an executable could be attached to the message.

“This was enough to trick the parser and allow our executable file to be attached and sent in a message,” Power wrote.

A person would not have to be an approved friend of the sender, as Facebook allows people to send those who are not their friends messages. The danger is that a hacker could use social engineering techniques to coax someone to launched the attachment, which could potentially infect their computer with malicious software.

Facebook representatives contacted in London did not have an immediate response on Thursday afternoon.

The dangerous part I can see here is that Facebook allows users to send messages to anyone (with attachments) even if they are not friends. Which makes me wonder, how many random guys are sending girls they don’t know pictures of their junk as attachments on Faceobok messages…

I don’t want to know really.

Anyway this should be a fairly simple fix for Facebook and I’d imagine they have probably already fixed this or will be doing so fairly soon.

Source: Network World

Posted in: Exploits/Vulnerabilities, Malware, Web Hacking

Topic: Exploits/Vulnerabilities, Malware, Web Hacking


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THC SSL DoS/DDoS Tool Released For Download

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THC-SSL-DOS is a tool to verify the performance of SSL. Establishing a secure SSL connection requires 15x more processing power on the server than on the client. THC-SSL-DOS exploits this asymmetric property by overloading the server and knocking it off the Internet. This problem affects all SSL implementations today. The vendors are aware of this problem since 2003 and the topic has been widely discussed.

This attack further exploits the SSL secure Renegotiation feature to trigger thousands of renegotiations via single TCP connection.

Usage

Comparing flood DDoS vs. SSL-Exhaustion attack

A traditional flood DDoS attack cannot be mounted from a single DSL connection. This is because the bandwidth of a server is far superior to the bandwidth of a DSL connection: A DSL connection is not an equal opponent to challenge the bandwidth of a server.

This is turned upside down for THC-SSL-DOS: The processing capacity for SSL handshakes is far superior at the client side: A laptop on a DSL connection can challenge a server on a 30Gbit link. Traditional DDoS attacks based on flooding are sub optimal: Servers are prepared to handle large amount of traffic and clients are constantly sending requests to the server even when not under attack.


The SSL-handshake is only done at the beginning of a secure session and only if security is required. Servers are _not_ prepared to handle large amount of SSL Handshakes. The worst attack scenario is an SSL-Exhaustion attack mounted from thousands of clients (SSL-DDoS).

Tips & Tricks for Whitehats

  1. The average server can do 300 handshakes per second. This would require 10-25% of your laptops CPU.
  2. Use multiple hosts (SSL-DOS) if an SSL Accelerator is used.
  3. Be smart in target acquisition: The HTTPS Port (443) is not always the best choice. Other SSL enabled ports are more unlikely to use an SSL Accelerator (like the POP3S, SMTPS, … or the secure database port).

Counter measurements

No real solutions exists. The following steps can mitigate (but not solve) the problem:

  1. Disable SSL-Renegotiation
  2. Invest into SSL Accelerator

Either of these countermeasures can be circumventing by modifying THC-SSL-DOS. A better solution is desireable. Somebody should fix this.

You can download THC-SSL-DOS here:

Windows: thc-ssl-dos-1.4-win-bin.zip
Linux: thc-ssl-dos-1.4.tar.gz

Or read more here.

Posted in: Exploits/Vulnerabilities, Hacking Tools, Networking Hacking

Topic: Exploits/Vulnerabilities, Hacking Tools, Networking Hacking


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German Federal Trojan (0zapftis/Bundestrojaner) Eavesdrops On Skype, IE, Firefox, MSN Messenger & More

The New Acunetix V12 Engine


It’s always good to have some news about government conspiracy theories, or in this case government propagated malware. The last case I remember reporting on was – Tunisia Running Country Wide Facebook, Gmail & Yahoo! Password Capture.

Now whilst we wouldn’t quite expect that kind of oppressive behaviour from a country like Germany, they do seem to have a law enforcement monitoring trojan which is pretty nasty.

The trojan was initially examined by the infamous hacking group from Germany itself – Chaos Computer Club (CCC) and was apparently first discovered by Kaspersky Lab.

A Trojan used by German law enforcement authorities to intercept Internet phone calls is capable of monitoring traffic from 15 programs, including browsers and instant messaging applications.

The discovery was made by malware analysts from antivirus vendor Kaspersky Lab, who took apart the so-called lawful surveillance software, dubbed 0zapftis, Bundestrojaner or R2D2 by the security community. The Trojan was initially analyzed by famous German hacker collective the Chaos Computer Club (CCC), which determined that Skype is one of its targets.

The Trojan’s installer deploys five components, each with a different purpose, and Kaspersky has analyzed all of them, said Tillmann Werner, a security researcher with Kaspersky in Germany.

“Amongst the new things we found in there are two rather interesting ones: Firstly, this version is not only capable of running on 32 bit systems; it also includes support for 64 bit versions of Windows,” he said. “Secondly, the list of target processes to monitor is longer than the one mentioned in the CCC report. The number of applications infected by the various components is 15 in total.”

The trojan seems quite complex and technically quite adept – it had the capability to deploy various components in both 32-bit and 64-bit Windows operating systems.

It can infect 15 different applications, most of which are quite commonly found and prevalent on the majority of Windows based machines. Instant messaging (IM) software such as MSN Messenger, Yahoo! Messenger, Skype are covered and the major browsers (IE, Firefox and Opera).

It’s surprising to see Chrome is not in the list, it could be an editorial exclusion or it could just be the fact that Chrome is in fact pretty secure and they weren’t able to hijack it successfully.


The list of targeted applications includes major browsers, including Internet Explorer, Firefox and Opera, as well programs with VoIP and data encryption functionality, including ICQ, MSN Messenger, Yahoo Messenger, Skype, Low-Rate VoIP, CounterPath X-Lite and Paltalk.

On 32-bit Windows systems the Trojan uses a kernel-mode rootkit that monitors targeted processes and injects rogue libraries into them. However, on 64-bit platforms, the system driver is much more basic and only serves as an interface to modify registry entries or the file system.

Furthermore, it is signed with a certificate that isn’t trusted under Windows by default. This means that deploying the Trojan requires user confirmation, which might not necessarily be a problem for authorities, because they reportedly install it during border searches or similar interventions.

Kaspersky said its products detected the Trojan installer heuristically even before a sample was analyzed and signatures were added for it. However, those tools may not help if outsiders can manually add an exception in the program. Computer users can prevent outsiders from doing this by using a password to protect their antivirus configurations, and most products offer this option.

It seems though the trojan isn’t intended to be spread over the Internet or via networks, or in fact any self-propagating method. Which is good…

The law enforcement agency would plant the trojan during a raid/border search or so on. It certainly does seem effective, but then again Kaspersky detected it as malware before they even added a signature for it – which makes me suspect it could well be using components from other pre-existing malware.

We did report on what probably became this project back in 2008 when it first started – German Police Creating Law Enforcement Trojan.

Source: Network World

Posted in: Legal Issues, Malware, Privacy

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winAUTOPWN v2.8 Released For Download – Windows Auto-Hacking Toolkit

The New Acunetix V12 Engine


I wanted to post this a while back, but the site (and thus the download) was down again – it seems to be a common occurrence. Someone get this guy some proper hosting!

winAUTOPWN and bsdAUTOPWN are minimal Interactive Frameworks which act as a frontend for quick systems vulnerability exploitation. It takes inputs like IP address, Hostname, CMS Path, etc. and does a smart multi-threaded portscan for TCP ports 1 to 65535. Exploits capable of giving Remote Shells, which are released publicly over the Internet by active contributors and exploit writers are constantly added to winAUTOPWN/bsdAUTOPWN. A lot of these exploits are written in scripting languages like python, perl and php. Presence of these language interpreters is essential for successful exploitations using winAUTOPWN/bsdAUTOPWN.

Exploits written in languages like C, Delphi, ASM which can be compiled are pre-compiled and added along-with others. On successful exploitation winAUTOPWN/bsdAUTOPWN gives a remote shell and waits for the attacker to use the shell before trying other exploits. This way the attacker can count and check the number of exploits which actually worked on a Target System.

This version covers almost all remote exploits up-till September 2011 and a few older ones as well. Also added in this release are a few ruby exploits which require ‘socket’ alone for interpretation. Gee-Hence, winAUTOPWN now requires ruby installed as well, just like perl, python and php.


This version incorporates a new command-line parameters: -targetOS to allow selection of the target Operating System. This is essential for a few exploits to work perfectly. The List of OS and the corresponding OS codes are available and asked when winAUTOPWN OR bsdAUTOPWN is executed.

Untill the last release there was only a bind_shell TCP shellcode available in the exploits. This release brings yet another feature which gives the freedom to choose from a variety of shellcodes. You can now select reverse_tcp for Windows cmd and other shellcodes for Solaris, Linux, FreeBSD, etc. This is all done by mod_shellcode which has been created and added to WINDOWS AUTOPWN and BSD AUTOPWN as well. mod_shellcode gets automatically invoked by WINDOWS AUTOPWN for every scripted exploit code whose shellcode can be manually changed. Note that there are a few exploits in a compiled binary form which lack reverse shell and other shellcode features.

mod_shellcode is available as a separate binary in the exploits/ directory for Windows, FreeBSD x86, FreeBSD x64 and DragonFly BSD platforms (just like the main BSD AUTOPWN and other exploit binaries) and hence can also be manually used by exploit writers and exploiters to quickly change shellcodes in their exploit files.

You can download winAUTOPWn v2.8 here:

winAUTOPWN_2.8.7z

And well because the site is always down, I’ve uploaded a mirror copy here:

winAUTOPWN_2.8.7z (FileSonic)

Or read more here.

Posted in: Exploits/Vulnerabilities, Hacking Tools, Windows Hacking

Topic: Exploits/Vulnerabilities, Hacking Tools, Windows Hacking


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The U.S. Department of Defense Hit With $4.9B Lawsuit Over Data Breach

The New Acunetix V12 Engine


We haven’t published anything about the Defense Department for a while, the last news really was the whole RSA SecurID thing which affected some of the US DoD sub-contractors.

The latest news is they’ve been hit with a colossal lawsuit of almost $5 Billion! The lawsuit is regarding a recent breach involving a healthcare system for military personnel and their families.

It’s a pretty heavy suit, claiming $1000 for each of the 4.9 million people affected by the compromise.

The U.S. Department of Defense has been hit with a $4.9 billion lawsuit over a recently disclosed data breach involving TRICARE, a healthcare system for active and retired military personnel and their families.

The lawsuit, filed in federal court in Washington D.C. this week by four people whose data was allegedly compromised, seeks $1000 in damages for each of the 4.9 million individuals affected by the breach.

The suit charges TRICARE, the Department and Defense Secretary Leon Panetta with failing to adequately protect private data and of “intentional, willful and reckless disregard” for patient privacy rights.

TRICARE did not respond immediately to a request for comment. In the complaint, the four plaintiffs faulted TRICARE for failing to properly encrypt the private data in its possession and for taking too long to notify victims of the breach.

The four plaintiffs are Virginia Gaffney, a Hampton, Va.-based individual who described herself in court papers as the spouse of a decorated war veteran; her two children; and Adrienne Taylor, a Glendale, Az. Based Air Force veteran.

It’s an interesting culture the US has, people are always suing each other, bringing up lawsuits with ridiculous amounts and trying to get a free ride out of something that didn’t really affect them adversely.

Seriously, do you really think this data breach affected the plaintiff in any negative manner – I don’t see how it could of to be honest. Either way it’s an interesting case and it could potentially cost the already struggling US government a boatload of money.


TRICARE in September disclosed that sensitive data including Social Security Numbers, names, addresses, phone numbers and personal health data belonging to about 4.9 million active and retired U.S. military personnel may have been compromised after unencrypted backup tapes containing the data went missing.

The information on the tapes was from an electronic healthcare application used to capture patient data. The backup tapes were stolen from the car of an employee at Science Applications International Corp. (SAIC), a TRICARE contractor. The breach affects all those who received care at the military’s San Antonio area military treatment facilities between 1992 and Sept. 7. 2011.

Lawsuits such as this one have become increasingly common in the immediate aftermath of a major data breach.

Earlier this month, for instance, Stanford Hospital and Clinics was hit with a $20 million proposed class action lawsuit for a data breach involving a third-party contractor. And major breaches such as the ones at Heartland Payment Systems, TJX and Hannaford Bros. have all prompted their share of consumer lawsuits charging the companies with negligence, breach of contract and other charges.

In many cases, courts however have tended to dismiss lawsuits in data breach cases. Several courts have held that consumers cannot claim compensatory or punitive damages in data breach cases unless they can demonstrate that they have suffered actual monetary damage as the result of a breach.

The notion that someone might become the victim of ID theft in future because of a data breach cannot be used as a basis for claims, courts have held.

It’s a pretty huge breach seen as though the tapes stolen contained backups with 19 years of data on them, that’s a LOT of data. But then again, like I said above – they are unlikely to get anywhere with this as I don’t think they would have lost any money from this breach.

Once again it was due to a third party contractor being careless – as has been the case many times. And well in this case, if they do get hit with the lawsuit and need to pay out – they should pass it onto the contractor.

Source: Network World

Posted in: Legal Issues, Privacy

Topic: Legal Issues, Privacy


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CAINE (Computer Aided INvestigative Environment) – Digital Forensics LiveCD

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CAINE (Computer Aided INvestigative Environment) is an Italian GNU/Linux live distribution created as a project of Digital Forensics. CAINE offers a complete forensic environment that is organized to integrate existing software tools as software modules and to provide a friendly graphical interface.

The main design objectives that CAINE aims to guarantee are the following:

  • an interoperable environment that supports the digital investigator during the four phases of the digital investigation
  • a user friendly graphical interface
  • a semi-automated compilation of the final report

New Features/Tools

  • New NAUTILUS SCripts
  • ataraw
  • bloom
  • fiwalk
  • xnview
  • NOMODESET in starting menu
  • xmount
  • sshfs
  • Reporting by Caine Interface fixed
  • xmount-gui
  • nbtempo
  • fileinfo
  • TSK_Gui
  • Raid utils e bridge utils
  • SMBFS
  • BBT.py
  • Widows Side:
  • Wintaylor updated & upgraded

“rbfstab” is a utility that is activated during boot or when a device is plugged. It writes read-only entries to /etc/fstab so devices are safely mounted for forensic imaging/examination. It is self installing with ‘rbfstab -i’ and can be disabled with ‘rbfstab -r’. It contains many improvements over past rebuildfstab incarnations. Rebuildfstab is a traditional means for read-only mounting in forensics-orient distributions.

“mounter” is a GUI mounting tool that sits in the system tray. Left clicking the system tray drive icon activates a window where the user can select devices to mount or un-mount. With rbfstab activated, all devices, except those with volume label “RBFSTAB”, are mounted read-only. Mounting of block devices in Nautilus (file browser) is not possible for a normal user with rbfstab activated making mounter a consistent interface for users.

You can download CAINE 2.5/Supernova here:

caine2.5.iso

Or read more here.

Posted in: Forensics, Hacking Tools, Linux Hacking

Topic: Forensics, Hacking Tools, Linux Hacking


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