Archive | April, 2009

Hacker Develops Tool To Hide Malware in .NET Framework

Keep on Guard!


Once again something is wrong with part of the Microsoft suite of software and once again they are denying it’s anything to do with them.

This time a researcher has developed a rootkit style infection tool aimed at the .Net framework.

Most modern computers come with .Net of some description installed so this could be quite a widespread threat, especially if it gets into the hands of the bad guys and they use it for something like Conficker.

A computer security researcher has released an upgraded tool that can simplify the placement of difficult-to-detect malicious software in Microsoft’s .Net framework on Windows computers.

The tool, called .Net-Sploit 1.0, allows for modification of .Net, a piece of software installed on most Windows machines that allows the computers to execute certain types of applications.

Microsoft makes a suite of developer tools for programmers to write applications compatible with the framework. It offers developers the advantage of writing programs in several different high-level languages that will all run on a PC.

.Net-Sploit allows a hacker to modify the .Net framework on targeted machines, inserting rootkit-style malicious software in a place untouched by security software and where few security people would think to look, said Erez Metula, the software security engineer for 2BSecure who wrote the tool.

It an interesting attack vector, attacking a different part of the OS that isn’t usually targeted. It offers better protection from AV software and from being found and it’s pretty much guaranteed all Windows computers will have .Net installed.

I’d guess some pretty interesting stuff can be gathered by tapping into .Net.

.Net-Sploit essentially lets an attacker replace a legitimate piece of code within .Net with a malicious one. Since some applications depend on parts of the .Net framework in order to run, it means the malware can affect the function of many applications.

For example, an application that has an authentication mechanism could be attacked if the tampered .Net framework were to intercept user names and passwords and send them to a remote server, Metula said.

.Net-Sploit automates some of the arduous coding tasks necessary to corrupt the framework, speeding up development of an attack. For example, it can help pull a relevant DLL (dynamic link library) from the framework and deploy the malicious DLL.

Metula said that an attacker would already have to have control of a machine before his tool could be used. The advantage of corrupting the .Net framework is that an attacker could clandestinely maintain control over the machine for a long time.

It could potentially be abused by rogue system administrators, who could abuse their access privileges to deploy so-called “backdoors” or malware than enables remote access, Metula said.

Of course the disadvantage is you already need to have control over the machine to execute this kind of attack, I guess it’s for when you’ve hacked the machine and you want to keep control or gather more data.

Metula has published a white paper on the technique as well as the latest version of .Net-Sploit.

Source: CIO (Thanks Navin)

Posted in: Exploits/Vulnerabilities, Malware, Windows Hacking

Topic: Exploits/Vulnerabilities, Malware, Windows Hacking


Latest Posts:


OWASP ZSC - Obfuscated Code Generator Tool OWASP ZSC – Obfuscated Code Generator Tool
OWASP ZSC is an open source obfuscated code generator tool in Python which lets you generate customized shellcodes and convert scripts to an obfuscated script.
A Look Back At 2017 – Tools & News Highlights A Look Back At 2017 – Tools & News Highlights
So here we are in 2018, taking a look back at 2017, quite a year it was. Here is a quick rundown of some of the best hacking/security tools released in 2017, the biggest news stories and the 10 most viewed posts on Darknet as a bonus.
Spectre & Meltdown Checker - Vulnerability Mitigation Tool For Linux Spectre & Meltdown Checker – Vulnerability Mitigation Tool For Linux
Spectre & Meltdown Checker is a simple shell script to tell if your Linux installation is vulnerable against the 3 "speculative execution" CVEs that were made public early 2018.
Hijacker - Reaver For Android Wifi Hacker App Hijacker – Reaver For Android Wifi Hacker App
Hijacker is a native GUI which provides Reaver for Android along with Aircrack-ng, Airodump-ng and MDK3 making it a powerful Wifi hacker app.
Sublist3r - Fast Python Subdomain Enumeration Tool Sublist3r – Fast Python Subdomain Enumeration Tool
Sublist3r is a Python-based tool designed to enumerate subdomains of websites using OSINT. It helps penetration testers and bug hunters collect and gather subdomains for the domain they are targeting.
coWPAtty Download - Audit Pre-shared WPA Keys coWPAtty Download – Audit Pre-shared WPA Keys
coWPAtty is a C-based tool for running a brute-force dictionary attack against WPA-PSK and audit pre-shared WPA keys.


Charles Web Debugging Proxy – HTTP Monitor & Reverse Proxy

Keep on Guard!


Charles is an HTTP proxy / HTTP monitor / Reverse Proxy that enables a developer to view all of the HTTP traffic between their machine and the Internet. This includes requests, responses and the HTTP headers (which contain the cookies and caching information).

Charles can act as a man-in-the-middle for HTTP/SSL communication, enabling you to debug the content of your HTTPS sessions.

Charles simulates modem speeds by effectively throttling your bandwidth and introducing latency, so that you can experience an entire website as a modem user might (bandwidth simulator).

Charles is especially useful for Adobe Flash developers as you can view the contents of LoadVariables, LoadMovie and XML loads. Charles also has native support for Flash Remoting (AMF0 and AMF3).

Charles is also useful for XML development in web browsers, such as AJAX (Asynchronous Javascript and XML) and XMLHTTP, as it enables you to see the actual XML that is flowing between the client and the server. Charles natively supports JSON, JSON-RPC and SOAP; displaying each in a simplified tree format for easy viewing and debugging.

You can download Charles Proxy here:

Windows – charles_setup.exe
Linux / Unix – charles.tar.gz
Mac OS X – charles_macosx.zip

Or read more here.

Posted in: Networking Hacking, Secure Coding, Web Hacking

Topic: Networking Hacking, Secure Coding, Web Hacking


Latest Posts:


OWASP ZSC - Obfuscated Code Generator Tool OWASP ZSC – Obfuscated Code Generator Tool
OWASP ZSC is an open source obfuscated code generator tool in Python which lets you generate customized shellcodes and convert scripts to an obfuscated script.
A Look Back At 2017 – Tools & News Highlights A Look Back At 2017 – Tools & News Highlights
So here we are in 2018, taking a look back at 2017, quite a year it was. Here is a quick rundown of some of the best hacking/security tools released in 2017, the biggest news stories and the 10 most viewed posts on Darknet as a bonus.
Spectre & Meltdown Checker - Vulnerability Mitigation Tool For Linux Spectre & Meltdown Checker – Vulnerability Mitigation Tool For Linux
Spectre & Meltdown Checker is a simple shell script to tell if your Linux installation is vulnerable against the 3 "speculative execution" CVEs that were made public early 2018.
Hijacker - Reaver For Android Wifi Hacker App Hijacker – Reaver For Android Wifi Hacker App
Hijacker is a native GUI which provides Reaver for Android along with Aircrack-ng, Airodump-ng and MDK3 making it a powerful Wifi hacker app.
Sublist3r - Fast Python Subdomain Enumeration Tool Sublist3r – Fast Python Subdomain Enumeration Tool
Sublist3r is a Python-based tool designed to enumerate subdomains of websites using OSINT. It helps penetration testers and bug hunters collect and gather subdomains for the domain they are targeting.
coWPAtty Download - Audit Pre-shared WPA Keys coWPAtty Download – Audit Pre-shared WPA Keys
coWPAtty is a C-based tool for running a brute-force dictionary attack against WPA-PSK and audit pre-shared WPA keys.


Multiple Bugs In Anti-Virus Software Revealed

Keep on Guard!


A spate of bugs have popped up recently in quite a few of the major anti-virus brands, some are old bugs which have just been made public and some are apparently new bugs – just discovered. Nothing too serious it seems (no remote takeover vulnerabilities) mostly just crashes and annoyances.

Included are Symantec’s Norton Anti-virus, Kaspersky Anti-Virus 6.0, F-Prot, IBM Proventia and Clam Antivirus.

Once an occasional inconvenience, serious security bugs and vulnerabilities in anti-virus and security suite products are growing into hardy perennials. Once, running Windows anti-virus was like driving down a dual carriageway. These days, it’s more like an unpaved road.

Last week alone bought a confirmed snag with anti-virus products from Kaspersky Lab and a reported oddity with an update Norton anti-virus from Symantec. Elsewhere an allegedly long running flaw in anti-virus scanner from F-Prot was published for the first time. The Kaspersky bug had the potential to result in serious annoyance. The other bugs are less serious and individually don’t amount to much, but collectively, they’re enough to make you reach for an Ubuntu installation CD or start looking on eBay for a Mac.

First up, let’s consider a misfiring definition update for Kaspersky Anti-Virus 6.0 for Windows Workstations, which sent users into pop-up hell. It was issued on 31 March, and it wasn’t resolved until 2 April.

The worst one in my opinion is the Kaspersky problem, because it’s their own fault? How can a company with so many users, pushing out automatic updates have such poor quality control?

Pushing out an update that messes up a users machine and not fixing it for 3 days is enough to stop using a product for me.

Elsewhere reports on Norton’s support forums on Saturday (4 April) suggest a Symantec update killed right click menu on PCs running Windows Vista. We brought the thread to Symantec’s attention earlier this afternoon and wait the security giant response to the odd, not to say bizarre, reported glitch with interest.

Moving on past glitches there’s also straightforward security vulnerabilities to consider. A flaw in F-Prot involving the scanning of Zip files allegedly creates a possible method to circumvent anti-virus protection. Security researcher Thierry Zoller, who discovered the vulnerability, went public with the flaw on 2 April after F-Prot failed to act for a reported four years.

Zoller also published two other advisories last week, each covering problems with enterprise products and scanning archived files. Malicious RAR archives might make their way past IBM Proventia email security appliances, according to Zoller. He published a limited details advisory after not hearing from IBM for a month. IBM is reportedly investigating the issue.

Clam AntiVirus, the open source anti-virus toolkit for UNIX, which is used to scan email on mail gateways for Windows viruses, also had a problem with RAR files. That problem was plugged late last month but only publicised by Zoller with an advisory last week.

Even the popular Linux/UNIX solution Clam Antivirus didn’t escape testing throwing up a bug when scanning RAR files. I’m surprised AV still has such problems with RAR/Zip and compressed files.

We worked out long ago if you made a batch script to make an almost infinite loop of zip files (zip within zip within zip etc) you could bomb out the CPU totally on most AV e-mail gateways.

I hope 10 years later they aren’t still having the same problems.

Source: The Register

Posted in: Countermeasures, Exploits/Vulnerabilities, Security Software

Topic: Countermeasures, Exploits/Vulnerabilities, Security Software


Latest Posts:


OWASP ZSC - Obfuscated Code Generator Tool OWASP ZSC – Obfuscated Code Generator Tool
OWASP ZSC is an open source obfuscated code generator tool in Python which lets you generate customized shellcodes and convert scripts to an obfuscated script.
A Look Back At 2017 – Tools & News Highlights A Look Back At 2017 – Tools & News Highlights
So here we are in 2018, taking a look back at 2017, quite a year it was. Here is a quick rundown of some of the best hacking/security tools released in 2017, the biggest news stories and the 10 most viewed posts on Darknet as a bonus.
Spectre & Meltdown Checker - Vulnerability Mitigation Tool For Linux Spectre & Meltdown Checker – Vulnerability Mitigation Tool For Linux
Spectre & Meltdown Checker is a simple shell script to tell if your Linux installation is vulnerable against the 3 "speculative execution" CVEs that were made public early 2018.
Hijacker - Reaver For Android Wifi Hacker App Hijacker – Reaver For Android Wifi Hacker App
Hijacker is a native GUI which provides Reaver for Android along with Aircrack-ng, Airodump-ng and MDK3 making it a powerful Wifi hacker app.
Sublist3r - Fast Python Subdomain Enumeration Tool Sublist3r – Fast Python Subdomain Enumeration Tool
Sublist3r is a Python-based tool designed to enumerate subdomains of websites using OSINT. It helps penetration testers and bug hunters collect and gather subdomains for the domain they are targeting.
coWPAtty Download - Audit Pre-shared WPA Keys coWPAtty Download – Audit Pre-shared WPA Keys
coWPAtty is a C-based tool for running a brute-force dictionary attack against WPA-PSK and audit pre-shared WPA keys.


Lynis 1.2.6 Released – UNIX System & Security Auditing Tool

Outsmart Malicious Hackers


Lynis is an auditing tool for Unix (specialists). It scans the system and available software, to detect security issues. Beside security related information it will also scan for general system information, installed packages and configuration mistakes.

This software aims in assisting automated auditing, software patch management, vulnerability and malware scanning of Unix based systems. It can be run without prior installation, so inclusion on read only storage is no problem (USB stick, cd/dvd).

Lynis assists auditors in performing Basel II, GLBA, HIPAA, PCI DSS and SOX (Sarbanes-Oxley) compliance audits.

A lot of new checks and controls have been added in this latest release (Full Changelog). Do note Lynix is not a hardening tool, it won’t make any changes – only suggestions.

Intended audience:
Security specialists, penetration testers, system auditors, system/network managers.

Examples of audit tests:

  • Available authentication methods
  • Expired SSL certificates
  • Outdated software
  • User accounts without password
  • Incorrect file permissions
  • Firewall auditing

You can download Lynix 1.2.6 here:

lynis-1.2.6.tar.gz

Or read more here.

Posted in: Countermeasures, Exploits/Vulnerabilities, Linux Hacking, Security Software

Topic: Countermeasures, Exploits/Vulnerabilities, Linux Hacking, Security Software


Latest Posts:


OWASP ZSC - Obfuscated Code Generator Tool OWASP ZSC – Obfuscated Code Generator Tool
OWASP ZSC is an open source obfuscated code generator tool in Python which lets you generate customized shellcodes and convert scripts to an obfuscated script.
A Look Back At 2017 – Tools & News Highlights A Look Back At 2017 – Tools & News Highlights
So here we are in 2018, taking a look back at 2017, quite a year it was. Here is a quick rundown of some of the best hacking/security tools released in 2017, the biggest news stories and the 10 most viewed posts on Darknet as a bonus.
Spectre & Meltdown Checker - Vulnerability Mitigation Tool For Linux Spectre & Meltdown Checker – Vulnerability Mitigation Tool For Linux
Spectre & Meltdown Checker is a simple shell script to tell if your Linux installation is vulnerable against the 3 "speculative execution" CVEs that were made public early 2018.
Hijacker - Reaver For Android Wifi Hacker App Hijacker – Reaver For Android Wifi Hacker App
Hijacker is a native GUI which provides Reaver for Android along with Aircrack-ng, Airodump-ng and MDK3 making it a powerful Wifi hacker app.
Sublist3r - Fast Python Subdomain Enumeration Tool Sublist3r – Fast Python Subdomain Enumeration Tool
Sublist3r is a Python-based tool designed to enumerate subdomains of websites using OSINT. It helps penetration testers and bug hunters collect and gather subdomains for the domain they are targeting.
coWPAtty Download - Audit Pre-shared WPA Keys coWPAtty Download – Audit Pre-shared WPA Keys
coWPAtty is a C-based tool for running a brute-force dictionary attack against WPA-PSK and audit pre-shared WPA keys.


Twitter Battered By Powerful Worm Attacks

Keep on Guard!


We’ve written about Twitter quite a few times now, with it’s click-jacking vulnerability, twitter phishing attacks and various other issues.

It’s no surprise it’s being targeted though as it’s now the 3rd biggest social network after Facebook and Myspace.

Within a relatively short time period it’s overtaken almost everyone else. This weekend it suffered a fairly serious worm infection that spread itself through injecting JavaScript into people’s profile pages. After visiting an ‘infected’ profile you would then be infected and spread the worm from your profile page.

Twitter was hit over the weekend by powerful, self-replicating attacks that caused people to flood the micro-blogging site with tens of thousands of messages simply by viewing booby trapped user profiles.

The worm attacks began early Saturday morning and were the result of XSS, or cross-site scripting, bugs in the Twitter service. They caused those who viewed the profiles of infected users to post tweets promoting a site called StalkDaily.com. Victim profiles were then altered to include malicious javascript that infected new marks. Over the next 36 hours, at least three similar worms made the rounds, causing Twitter administrators to delete more than 10,000 tweets.

Twitter’s inability to quickly contain the mess prompted some security watchers to criticize Twitter for not being more on top of it. According to this postmortem from the Dcortesi blog, the attacks exploited gaping holes that allowed users to insert tags in the URLs of Twitter users’ profile pages that called malicious javascript from third-party web servers.

It’s not the first time Twitter has been hit and it’s not the first time they have been criticized for not being fast enough or for dealing with the problem properly.

The issue itself is quite a serious one and shouldn’t have existed in the first place, who knows how long this flaw has been known about and what nefarious purposes other people have been using it for.

The fella that exploited it basically did it to promote his own Twitter knock off called StalkDaily which is currently down.

As is frequently the case with XSS-based attacks, the worm was unable to prey on those using the NoScript add-on for the Firefox browser.

Twitter’s security team was able to block the attack for a while, but a new assault that made use of “mildly obfuscated” code soon defeated the countermeasure, raising the possibility that it was based on the detection of attack signatures rather than fixing the underlying bug that allowed the XSS vulnerability in the first place.

“The existence of a mildly obfuscated version authorizes a scary suspect: have Twitter guys just been trying to block the original strain by signature, rather than fixing their website error?” Italian researcher and NoScript creator Giorgio Maone wrote here. “This would be ridiculous, since any script kiddie can create his own slightly modified version for fun or profit (and is probably doing that).”

It’s not the first time Twitter has been slow to react to vulnerabilities on its site that allow self-replicating attacks against its users. The San Francisco-based company took more than 24 hours to close a separate hole discovered by white-hat hackers last month, while many of the company’s employees attended the South by South West conference in Austin, Texas.

The scary part is, Twitter didn’t fix the root cause of the problem – it appears they just filtered out the malicious code. So by altering it slightly the author quickly unleashed another version of the worm.

I hope Twitter get’s their act together and starts fixing things properly.

Source: The Register

Posted in: Exploits/Vulnerabilities, Web Hacking

Topic: Exploits/Vulnerabilities, Web Hacking


Latest Posts:


OWASP ZSC - Obfuscated Code Generator Tool OWASP ZSC – Obfuscated Code Generator Tool
OWASP ZSC is an open source obfuscated code generator tool in Python which lets you generate customized shellcodes and convert scripts to an obfuscated script.
A Look Back At 2017 – Tools & News Highlights A Look Back At 2017 – Tools & News Highlights
So here we are in 2018, taking a look back at 2017, quite a year it was. Here is a quick rundown of some of the best hacking/security tools released in 2017, the biggest news stories and the 10 most viewed posts on Darknet as a bonus.
Spectre & Meltdown Checker - Vulnerability Mitigation Tool For Linux Spectre & Meltdown Checker – Vulnerability Mitigation Tool For Linux
Spectre & Meltdown Checker is a simple shell script to tell if your Linux installation is vulnerable against the 3 "speculative execution" CVEs that were made public early 2018.
Hijacker - Reaver For Android Wifi Hacker App Hijacker – Reaver For Android Wifi Hacker App
Hijacker is a native GUI which provides Reaver for Android along with Aircrack-ng, Airodump-ng and MDK3 making it a powerful Wifi hacker app.
Sublist3r - Fast Python Subdomain Enumeration Tool Sublist3r – Fast Python Subdomain Enumeration Tool
Sublist3r is a Python-based tool designed to enumerate subdomains of websites using OSINT. It helps penetration testers and bug hunters collect and gather subdomains for the domain they are targeting.
coWPAtty Download - Audit Pre-shared WPA Keys coWPAtty Download – Audit Pre-shared WPA Keys
coWPAtty is a C-based tool for running a brute-force dictionary attack against WPA-PSK and audit pre-shared WPA keys.


Watcher – Passive Analysis Tool For HTTP Web Applications

Keep on Guard!


Watcher is a run time passive-analysis tool for HTTP-based Web applications. Watcher provides pen-testers hot-spot detection for vulnerabilities, developers quick sanity checks, and auditors PCI compliance auditing. It looks for issues related to mashups, user-controlled payloads, cookies, comments, HTTP headers, SSL, Flash, Silverlight, referrer leaks, information disclosure, Unicode, and more.

Major Features:

  1. Passive detection of security, privacy, and PCI compliance issues in HTTP, HTML, Javascript, and CSS
  2. Works seamlessly with complex Web 2.0 applications while you drive the Web browser
  3. Non-intrusive, will not raise alarms or damage production sites
  4. Real-time analysis and reporting – findings are reported as they’re found, exportable to XML
  5. Configurable domains with wildcard support
  6. Extensible framework for adding new checks

Watcher is built as a plugin for the Fiddler HTTP debugging proxy available at www.fiddlertool.com. Watcher works seamlessly with today’s complex Web 2.0 applications by running silently in the background while you drive your browser and interact with the Web-application.

Watcher is built in C# as a small framework with 30+ checks already included. It’s built so that new checks can be easily created to perform custom audits specific to your organizational policies, or to perform more general-purpose security assessments.

You can download Watcher here:

Watcher.zip

Or read more here.

Posted in: Hacking Tools, Web Hacking

Topic: Hacking Tools, Web Hacking


Latest Posts:


OWASP ZSC - Obfuscated Code Generator Tool OWASP ZSC – Obfuscated Code Generator Tool
OWASP ZSC is an open source obfuscated code generator tool in Python which lets you generate customized shellcodes and convert scripts to an obfuscated script.
A Look Back At 2017 – Tools & News Highlights A Look Back At 2017 – Tools & News Highlights
So here we are in 2018, taking a look back at 2017, quite a year it was. Here is a quick rundown of some of the best hacking/security tools released in 2017, the biggest news stories and the 10 most viewed posts on Darknet as a bonus.
Spectre & Meltdown Checker - Vulnerability Mitigation Tool For Linux Spectre & Meltdown Checker – Vulnerability Mitigation Tool For Linux
Spectre & Meltdown Checker is a simple shell script to tell if your Linux installation is vulnerable against the 3 "speculative execution" CVEs that were made public early 2018.
Hijacker - Reaver For Android Wifi Hacker App Hijacker – Reaver For Android Wifi Hacker App
Hijacker is a native GUI which provides Reaver for Android along with Aircrack-ng, Airodump-ng and MDK3 making it a powerful Wifi hacker app.
Sublist3r - Fast Python Subdomain Enumeration Tool Sublist3r – Fast Python Subdomain Enumeration Tool
Sublist3r is a Python-based tool designed to enumerate subdomains of websites using OSINT. It helps penetration testers and bug hunters collect and gather subdomains for the domain they are targeting.
coWPAtty Download - Audit Pre-shared WPA Keys coWPAtty Download – Audit Pre-shared WPA Keys
coWPAtty is a C-based tool for running a brute-force dictionary attack against WPA-PSK and audit pre-shared WPA keys.