Archive | 2008

Xprobe2 Download – Active OS Fingerprinting Tool

Outsmart Malicious Hackers


xprobe2 is an active operating system fingerprinting tool with a different approach to operating system fingerprinting. xprobe2 relies on fuzzy signature matching, probabilistic guesses, multiple matches simultaneously, and a signature database.

Xprobe2 Download - Active OS Fingerprinting Tool


As xprobe2 uses raw sockets to send probes, you must have root privileges in order for xprobe2 to be able to use them. Some of its logic has been absorbed into Nmap and it’s basically an active OS fingerprinting tool meaning it sends actual data to the machine it’s fingerprinting rather than a passive tool like p0f which just listens.

Xprobe2 Active OS Fingerprinting Tool Features

  • Port scanning is now available through the usage of the -T (TCP) and -U (UDP) command line option
  • Added the -B command line option (‘blind port guess’) used for searching an open TCP port among the following ports: 80,21, 25, 22, 139
  • Include XSD schema with distribution and make our XML comply with that XSD
  • loopback (lo) is supported

If you want to understand more in depth you can check out the paper: xprobe2 – A ‘Fuzzy’ Approach to Remote Active Operating System Fingerprinting


How to use Xprobe2 For OS Fingerprinting

Xprobe2 Download

Download Xprobe2 here:

xprobe2-0.3.tar.gz

Or read more here.

Posted in: Networking Hacking

Topic: Networking Hacking


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New Botnet Malware Spreading SQL Injection Attack Tool

Keep on Guard!


Now this is an interesting turn of events, the Asprox botnet malware is being used to spread SQL Injection tools rather than sending out phishing e-mails as before.

It seems to install quite stealthily as well disguising itself as a Windows Service with a fairly convincing file name. It’s certainly interesting to see the evolution of this kind of malware, what will be next?

A botnet is outfitting its army of compromised computers with a SQL injection attack tool to hack Web sites, researchers at SecureWorks have discovered.

According to SecureWorks, the Asprox botnet, once used solely to send out phishing e-mails, is pushing the tool out to systems in its network via a binary with the file name msscntr32.exe. The executable is installed as a system service with the name “Microsoft Security Center Extension.”

Despite the name, the file is in fact a SQL injection attack tool that when launched searches Google for .asp pages that contain certain terms. It then launches SQL injection attacks against the Web sites returned by the search.

The bad news is not many AV vendors are detecting it yet, it seems like it’s just another avenue or infection vector for the Asprox malware. It injects an iFrame into vulnerable pages which will lead to the download of the Asprox infector.

Storm did a variation of this as mentioned via FTP.

According to a list from VirusTotal, only a handful of the major anti-virus vendors are detecting the attack tool at this time.

“This is the first time I’ve seen a SQL injection tool, but certainly other botnets have tried to spread in a similar manner, infecting Web sites with IFrames,” said Joe Stewart, director of malware research at SecureWorks. “For instance, Storm tries to get your password if you log in to a Web site with FTP, and will put an IFrame into the page for you.”

So far, SecureWorks has found 1,000 Web sites infected by this wave of SQL attacks. Visitors to these infected Web sites are infected with the Asprox malware—turning them into bots—and also download some scareware.

It seems like a fairly small scale infection for now, but it’s definitely a worrying trend. It seems like the bad guys are definitely keeping up with the latest vulnerabilities in web apps and online languages and they are utilizing them to spread their wares.

Source: eWeek

Posted in: Malware, Web Hacking

Topic: Malware, Web Hacking


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browserrecon – Passive Browser Fingerprinting

Outsmart Malicious Hackers


Most of todays tools for fingerprinting are focusing on server-side services. Well-known and widely-accepted implementations of such utilities are available for http web services, smtp mail server, ftp servers and even telnet daemons. Of course, many attack scenarios are focusing on server-side attacks.

Client-based attacks, especially targeting web clients, are becoming more and more popular. Browser-targeted attacks, drive-by pharming and web-based phishing provide a broad aspect of threats during surfing in the world wide web. Attacker might initialize and optimize their attacks by fingerprinting the target application to find the best possible way to compromise the client.

The browserrecon project is going to prove, that client-side fingerprinting is possible and useful too. In this particular implementation, currently available in php only, the given web browser is identified by the used http requests. Similar to the http fingerprinting provided within httprecon the header lines and values are analyzed and compared to a fingerprint database.

The current release of browserrecon is written in PHP. Therefore, you might be able to use browserrecon on a web server supporting PHP. If you want to include browserrecon in a given web application, the software has to support PHP itself or a fork of the PHP scripts.

You can download browserrecon here:

browserrecon-1.0-php.tar.gz

Or read more here.

Posted in: Hacking News, Privacy, Web Hacking

Topic: Hacking News, Privacy, Web Hacking


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oCERT – Responsing to Flaws in Open Source Software

Outsmart Malicious Hackers


So a new initiative – the Open Source Computer Emergency Response Team known as oCERT has been set up one of the main sponsors being Google (read more here – Contributing to Open Source Software Security).

The oCERT project is a public effort providing security handling support to Open Source projects affected by security incidents or vulnerabilities, just like national CERTs offer services for their respective countries.

The service aims to help both large infrastructures, like major distributions, and smaller projects that can’t afford a full-blown security team and/or security resources. This means aiding coordination between distributions and small project contacts. The goal is to reduce the impact of compromises on small projects with little or no infrastructure security, avoiding the ripple effect of badly communicated or handled compromises, which can currently result in distributions shipping code which has been tampered with.

It’s a pretty interesting project and I hope it takes off – it will be a good place to gather information for small and large open source projects alike and make things more secure for everyone involved.

Check it out here:

http://ocert.org/

Posted in: Exploits/Vulnerabilities, Hacking News

Topic: Exploits/Vulnerabilities, Hacking News


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Want Some COFEE? Microsoft Computer Online Forensic Evidence Extractor

Keep on Guard!


Microsoft helping the good guys eh? I had someone ask me if I can get a hold of this so I did some checking up on..

I’d guess MS is doing this to sell additional software and services, but either way its a good thing to make a portable, easy to use and effective forensics toolkit.

Would it be better than your average security or forensics LiveCD? I wouldn’t know unless I can indeed get one of these COFEE sticks.

Microsoft has developed a small plug-in device that investigators can use to quickly extract forensic data from computers that may have been used in crimes.

The COFEE, which stands for Computer Online Forensic Evidence Extractor, is a USB “thumb drive” that was quietly distributed to a handful of law-enforcement agencies last June. Microsoft General Counsel Brad Smith described its use to the 350 law-enforcement experts attending a company conference Monday.

The device contains 150 commands that can dramatically cut the time it takes to gather digital evidence, which is becoming more important in real-world crime, as well as cybercrime. It can decrypt passwords and analyze a computer’s Internet activity, as well as data stored in the computer.

I’m guessing it’s the common suspects, mostly open source tools bundled together with a nice interface or some batch scripts.

‘Internet History’ – I bet it only works if they use Internet Explorer (history.dat anyone?) and not Firefox with caching turned off.

Passwords? Some rainbow cracking brute forcer and a few of the smaller rainbow tables would suffice.

But then with USB pen drives going up to 8-16gb nowadays you could fit almost a full set of Rainbow Tables for common characters.

Brad Smith, Microsoft’s general counsel, described COFEE in an interview.

“It’s basically a thumb drive that is like a Swiss army knife for law enforcement officials that are investigating computer crimes. If you’re a law enforcement official and let’s say you have access to a computer that might be used, for example, by a child predator, a lot of times they have information on their hard disk that’s encrypted, and you’ve got that information off in order to have a successful investigation and prosecution.

“In the past, people would have to literally unplug the computer, they would lose whatever was in RAM. They’d have to transport it somewhere else, and it would take at least four hours, often more to get at the heart of the information.”

A MS rep has confirmed that the kit is a compilation of publicly available forensics tools and it does not circumvent Windows Vista BitLocker encryption or undermine any protections in Windows through secret ‘backdoors’ or other undocumented means.

So who’s gonna send me one?

Source: The Seattle Times

Posted in: Forensics, Windows Hacking

Topic: Forensics, Windows Hacking


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