Archive | April, 2008

CDPSnarf – CDP Packet Sniffer

Outsmart Malicious Hackers


CDPSnarf if a network sniffer exclusively written to extract information from CDP packets. It provides all the information a “show cdp neighbors detail” command would return on a Cisco router and even more.

The application is written in C using the popular PCAP library.

Sample Output

Cisco AIR-AP1231G-E-K9 Access Point:

You can download CDPSnarf here:

CDPSnarf 0.1.6

Or read more here.

Posted in: Hacking Tools, Networking Hacking

Topic: Hacking Tools, Networking Hacking


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AV Firms Split Over Defcon Contest

Outsmart Malicious Hackers


Now this is a pretty interesting contest from the guys at Defcon, antivirus evasion! It’s a question that gets asked a LOT…how do I avoid AV?

There are various ways to do it and I’ll be interested to see which are used in the contest, the most elegant solutions of course get better prizes.

Security firms have split over the merits of a hacking contest aimed against anti-virus packages planned for August’s Defcon conference.

Anti-virus firm Sophos reckons the exercise will serve only to increase the volume of malware in circulation, further taxing the resources of already hard-pressed security firms. However, net security services firm MessageLabs reckons the proposed Race to Zero competition has some merits as an exercise. It compared the wheeze to penetration testing against corporate networks.

During the proposed Race to Zero contest, delegates to the Defcon hacker conference will be invited to develop techniques to modify supplied virus samples so that these variants are able to evade detection by anti-virus packages. The contest will progress in difficulty leading to awards at its conclusion including “most elegant obfuscation” and “most deserving of beer” as well as an overall winner.

I am of course pro-knowledge, so I think this contest is a great idea. As stated similar research conducted in the past has been useful..so why not this time?

Personally I think signature based virus detection is very weak and heuristic scanning is nowhere near as good as it should be. The AV vendors needs to get their collectives acts together and develop some cool new stuff that effectively blocks unknown malware rather than permanently playing a catch-up game.

Contest organisers said that the exercise will help to demonstrate shortcomings in signature-based virus detection. They also want to highlight weaknesses among anti-virus vendors exposed by the testing process, which will involve passing modified samples through a number of antivirus engines housed on a closed portal. Modified samples will not be released into the wild, the organisers explain. Results of the contest, a fringe event planned outside the main Defcon conference programme, are due to be presented during the annual Las Vegas-based hacking jamboree.

Despite these assurances some security vendors are less than impressed. Graham Cluley, senior technology consultant for Sophos, said: “The last thing the world needs is more malware. It’s really disappointing to see that Defcon appears to be condoning the creation of malware in this way.

“If people really want to test the quality of different anti-virus products there are well established ways of doing it – and testing industry initiatives like ATMSO are working hard at improving standards,” he added.

I would have thought Sophos were amongst the more progressive AV vendors, but it seems not so. Anyway it’s definitely something to watch and we’ll be keeping an interested eye on it.

Source: The Register

Posted in: Countermeasures, Events/Cons, Malware

Topic: Countermeasures, Events/Cons, Malware


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Technitium MAC Address Changer v4.8 Released for Download – Free

Outsmart Malicious Hackers


Technitium MAC Address Changer allows you to change Media Access Control (MAC) Address of your Network Interface Card (NIC) irrespective to your NIC manufacturer or its driver. It has a very simple user interface and provides ample information regarding each NIC in the machine. Every NIC has a MAC address hard coded in its circuit by the manufacturer. This hard coded MAC address is used by windows drivers to access Ethernet Network (LAN). This tool can set a new MAC address to your NIC, bypassing the original hard coded MAC address. Technitium MAC Address Changer is a must tool in every security professionals tool box. Technitium MAC Address Changer is coded in Visual Basic 6.0.

There are some famous, commercial tools available in the market for US$19.99 to as much as US$1500 (!), but Technitium MAC Address Changer is available for FREE. We don’t charge for just changing a registry value! Also knowing how this works doesn’t require extensive research as some commercial tool providers claim!

Features

  • Identifies the preset applied to currently selected Network Interface Card (NIC) automatically making it easy to identify settings.
  • Changes MAC address of Network Interface Card (NIC) including Wireless LAN Cards, irrespective of its manufacturer or its drivers.
  • Has latest list of all known manufacturers (with corporate addresses) to choose from. You can also enter any MAC address and know which manufacturer it belongs to.
  • Allows you to select random MAC address from the list of manufacturers by just clicking a button.
  • Restarts your NIC automatically to apply MAC address changes instantaneously.
  • Allows you to create Configuration Presets, which saves all your NIC settings and makes it very simple to switch between many settings in just a click and hence saves lot of time.
  • Allows you to Import or Export Configuration Presets to or from another file, which saves lot of time spent in reconfiguration.
  • Has command line interface which allows you to perform all the tasks from the command prompt or you can even create a DOS batch program to carry out regular tasks.

You can download Technitium MAC Address Changer v4.8 here:

Technitium-MAC-Address-Changer

Or read more here.

Posted in: Hacking News

Topic: Hacking News


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Chocolate Owns Your Passwords

Outsmart Malicious Hackers


The same old story, if you ask people for something they will most likely give it without thinking of the consequences..

Even more so if you are a pretty girl, and in this case you offer someone chocolate. Hey who doesn’t love chocolate? I have to say I don’t love it enough to give out my passwords..

A survey out today by the organizers of the tech-security conference Infosecurity Europe found that 21% of 576 London office workers stopped on the street were willing to share their computer passwords with a good looking woman holding a clipboard. People were offered a chocolate bar in exchange for the information. More than half of the people surveyed said they used the same password for everything.

That’s 1 in 5, amazing! It just shows a bit of simple social engineering targeted against a certain company or just using a certain location will yield valuable info.

Similar tests have been conducted before, I would have though awareness might be slightly higher now – but it seems like it’s just the same.

As depressing as the survey may be for the security pros whose job it is to keep corporate networks safe, the results are a substantial improvement over last year. That was when 64% of people were willing to give away their passwords. But there were other disturbing signs this year: 61% of workers surveyed shared their birthdates and a similar number – 60% of men and 62% of women – shared their names and telephone numbers.

This doesn’t sound particularly damaging, but cyber criminals could use this information to craft so-called phishing emails that install malicious computer code when opened or try to convince people to cough up more damaging information like a bank account number.

It’s good to see a substantial improvement since last year, but still I’d prefer if the figures were below 5%. Sharing personal info is also a bad idea as it gives people with malicious intent a lot more ammunition to break into the corporate cookie jar.

Most peoples’ passwords are likely to be based on personal information unless they are generated by the company…if complex passwords are generated by the company it’s generally even easier..as they will be written on a post-it not in the drawer or under the keyboard.

Source: WSJ

Posted in: Privacy, Social Engineering

Topic: Privacy, Social Engineering


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Pass-The-Hash Toolkit v1.3 is Available for Download

Keep on Guard!


The Pass-The-Hash Toolkit contains utilities to manipulate the Windows Logon Sessions maintained by the LSA (Local Security Authority) component. These tools allow you to list the current logon sessions with its corresponding NTLM credentials (e.g.: users remotely logged in thru Remote Desktop/Terminal Services), and also change in runtime the current username, domain name, and NTLM hashes (YES, PASS-THE-HASH on Windows!).

Pass-The-Hash Toolkit

Pass-The-Hash Toolkit is comprised of three tools: IAM.EXE, WHOSTHERE.EXE and GENHASH.EXE.

GENHASH.EXE
This is just a utility that uses some undocumented Windows functions to generate the LM and NT hash of a password. This tool is useful to test IAM.EXE and WHOSTHERE.EXE and perhaps to do some other things. Pretty simple and small tool.

IAM.EXE
This tools allows you to change your current NTLM credentials without having the cleartext password but the hashes of the password. The program receives a username, domain name and the LM and NT hashes of the password; using this it will change in memory the NTLM credentials associated with the current windows logon session. After the program performs this operation, all outbound network connections to services that use for authentication the NTLM credentials of the currently logged on user will utilize the credentials modified by IAM.EXE.

WHOSTHERE.EXE
This tools will list logon sessions with NTLM credentials (username,domain name, LM and NT hashes). Logon sessions are created by windows services that log in using specific users, remote desktop connections, etc. This tool has many uses, one that i think is interesting: Let’s say you compromised a Windows Server that is part of a Windows Domain (e.g.: Backup server) but is NOT the domain controller.

You can download Pass-The-Hash Toolkit v1.3 here:

Source Code

Latest stable release (1.3), updated on February 29, 2008.

Win32 binaries

Latest stable release (1.3), updated on February 29, 2008.

Or read more here.

Posted in: Hacking Tools, Windows Hacking

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Russia Heavy Handed Registration for Wifi

Outsmart Malicious Hackers


It seems like Russia wants to keep a tight reign on things, anything with Wifi capability must be licenses! That includes your phone…imagine having to apply for a permit to have a wireless AP at home?

Rather ridiculous no?

Business travellers to Russia might want to keep their laptops and iPhones well-concealed – not from muggers, necessarily, but from the country’s recently formed regulatory super-agency, Rossvyazokhrankultura (short for the Russian Mass Media, Communications and Cultural Protection Service).

In the UK, Ofcom made deregulation one of its first priorities upon coming into existence, but the Russian equivalent is doing just the reverse, including an ominous-sounding policy of requiring registration for every Wi-Fi device and hotspot, according to a report this week from news agency Fontanka.

Deregulation? In Russia? It seems like that really is a joke. Privates registration are supposed to take 10 days..for hotspots? Bundles of paperwork and red-tape, everywhere else in the World is embracing free and easy Wifi, whole cities are countries are being covered in Wifi and it seems like Russia is trying to kill it off.

Rossvyazokhrankultura’s interpretation of current law holds that users must register any electronics that use the frequency involved in Wi-Fi communications, said Vladimir Karpov, the deputy director of the agency’s communications monitoring division, according to an English commentary provided by website The Other Russia.

Aside from public hotspots, the registration requirement also applies to home networks, laptops, smart phones and Wi-Fi-enabled PDAs, Karpov reportedly said. Registration only permits use by the owner.

So that pretty much covers absolutely anything that can emit or receive a Wifi signal…and only to be used by the owner?

I wonder does that mean if we are sitting together and I let you use my phone to surf using Wifi we are breaking the law?

Source: Computer World

Posted in: Legal Issues, Privacy

Topic: Legal Issues, Privacy


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