Archive | February, 2008

SCARE – Source Code Analysis Risk Evaluation Tool

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The Source Code Analysis Risk Evaluation project is a study to create a security complexity metric that will analyze source code and provide a realistic and factual representation of the potential of that source code to create a problematic binary. This metric will not say that the binary will be exploited nor does it do a static analysis for known limitations like vulnerabilities. However it will flag code for a particular interaction type or control and allow the developer to understand which Operational Security (OpSec) holes are not protected even if it can’t say the effectiveness of that protection at this time.

This computation will provide a final SCARE value, like the RAV, where 100% is the proper balance between controls to OpSec holes and no Limitations. Conversely, less than that shows an imbalance where too few Controls protect OpSec holes or Limitations in OpSec and Controls degrade the security.

The SCARE analysis tool is run against source code. Currently only C code is supported. The output file will contain all operational interactions possible which need controls (the current version does not yet say if and what controls are already there). At the bottom of the list are three numbers: Visibilities, Access, and Trusts. These 3 numbers can be plugged into the RAV Calculation spreadsheet available at http://www.isecom.org/ravs. The Delta value is then subtracted from 100 to give the SCARE percentage which indicates the complexity for securing this particular application. The lower the value, the worse the SCARE.

At this stage, the tool cannot yet tell which interactions have controls already or if those controls are applicable however once that is available it will change the RAV but not the SCARE. The SCARE will also not yet tell you where the bugs are in the code however if you are bug hunting, it will extract all the places where user inputs and trusts with user-accessible resources can be found in the code.

Currently, SCARE is designed to work for any programming language. While this methodology shows the C language, they need input and feedback from developers of other languages to expand this further.

If you are interested in helping with this project please contact ISECOM.

You can download SCARE here:

scare_analyst.zip

Or you can read more here.

Posted in: Countermeasures, Exploits/Vulnerabilities, Secure Coding

Topic: Countermeasures, Exploits/Vulnerabilities, Secure Coding


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Teenage Bot Herder Admits to Infecting Military Computers

The New Acunetix V12 Engine


Hacking for money again? Well not really in this case, more like script kiddying for money – modifying an ‘off the shelf’ malware/bot package to evade detection and then cashing in on spamware affiliate fees.

I guess they could have made much with a 400,000 bot network – by renting it out for DDoS attacks to online extortionists. Although legally that’s even more risky.

A young hacker accused of helping to corral more than 400,000 computers into a money-making botnet has pleaded guilty to criminal charges in connection with the scheme, which he admits damaged US military computers.

The defendant was identified only by the the initials B.D.H. because he was a juvenile when the crimes were committed. He is better known by the handle “SoBe” in internet relay channels frequented by hackers. He appeared in US District Court in Los Angeles on Monday, where he pleaded guilty to two counts of juvenile delinquency. His plea agreement contemplates a sentence of one year to 18 months in prison.

$58,000 in 3 months isn’t even all that much money split between 2 or 3 people…but as the article says that’s all that is on record. They could have made much more than that. Imagine one of them could be sitting on a huge Paypal account that no one knows about.

It’s like the new age of bank robbers hiding their stash in the forest…nowadays guys are hiding it online.

SoBe entered the public spotlight in November 2005 as an “unindicted co-conspirator” to Jeanson James Ancheta, who eventually pleaded guilty to four felony charges in connection with the same botnet. With SoBe located in Boca Raton, Florida, and Ancheta working in Downey, California, the two built a lucrative business by surreptitiously installing adware on computers and then pocketing affiliate fees. According to court documents, the pair collected at least $58,000 in 13 months, but it’s possible they made much more.

Among the computers infected by SoBe and Ancheta were those belonging to the Defense Information Security Agency. SoBe also claimed to have pwned machines maintained by Sandia National Laboratories.

The elder of the two was sentenced to 57 months in prison (more than 4 years) – that’s a pretty hefty sentence and a good reminder not to do anything naughty.

We are ethical hackers after all – do remember that!

Source: The Register

Posted in: Legal Issues, Malware

Topic: Legal Issues, Malware


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NetworkMiner – Passive Sniffer & Packet Analysis Tool for Windows

Use Netsparker


NetworkMiner is a passive network sniffer/packet capturing tool for Windows with an easy to use interface. It can detect operating systems, sessions, hostnames, open ports etc. without putting any traffic on the network. NetworkMiner can also parse PCAP files for off-line analysis.

NetworkMiner makes use of OS fingerprinting databases from both p0f (by Michal Zalewski) and Ettercap (by Alberto Ornaghi and Marco Valleri) in order to do as correct passive OS fingerprinting as possible. NetworkMiner also uses the MAC-vendor list from Nmap (Fyodor).

The purpose of NetworkMiner is to collect data about hosts on the network rather than to collect data regarding the traffic on the network. The main view is host centric (information grouped per host) rather than packet centric (information showed as a list of packets/frames).

NetworkMiner can extract files transferred over the network by parsing a PCAP file or by sniffing traffic directly from the network. This is a neat function that can be used to extract and save media files (such as audio or video files) which are streamed across a network.


Another very useful feature is that the user can search sniffed or stored data for keywords. NetworkMiner allows the user to insert arbitrary string or byte-patterns that shall be searched for with the keyword search functionality.

A feature the author wants to include in future versions of NetworkMiner is to use statistical methods to do protocol identification (protocol fingerprinting) of a TCP session or UDP data. This means that instead of looking at the port number to guess which protocol is used on top of the TCP/UDP packet NetworkMiner will identify the correct protocol based on the TCP/UDP packet content. In this way NetworkMiner will be able to identify protocols even if the service is run on a non-standard port.

You can download NetworkMiner here:

NetworkMiner-0.82

Or you can read more here.

Posted in: Forensics, Hacking News, Networking Hacking, Windows Hacking

Topic: Forensics, Hacking News, Networking Hacking, Windows Hacking


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Hacking Does Pay! US Law Let’s Hacker Keep Fraudulent Earnings

The New Acunetix V12 Engine


Ah I think it’s time for controversy on a Tuesday, what do you think about this case where a hacker got some info on a company about it’s soon to be plummeting share prices by breaking into their computer. By investing $41,000 in stock potion trading on the shares that were about to drop – he pocketed almost $300,000!

Even so the story has changed slightly, they said it wasn’t him that broke into the network – but it was someone else. Either way a hacker got the info and he exploited it.

Oleksandr Dorozhko made almost $300,000 in stock-option trading by using insider information that was obtained after someone hacked into a financial network and stole confidential information concerning a company called IMS Health. Now, the Ukrainian resident is exploiting a loophole that may allow him to keep the ill-gotten gains for good.

That’s because US securities laws, unlike those in Europe and elsewhere, define insiders as those with a fiduciary role with a company – say, a corporate executive, investment banker or attorney. As a mere hacker, or as an associate to a mere hacker, Dorozhko had no such function, so the laws cannot be used to seize the assets, a federal judge has ruled.

Because he has no part in the company it cannot be considered inside trading. This means it was a legitimate transaction and he’ll get to keep the money! They can’t seize it back and it’s unlikely they’ll nail him for hacking as he lives outside of the US, also being a Ukrainian it’s unlikely even if they did go after him that they would recover any of the money.

The strange tale, which was reported here by The New York Times, reads like a chapter out of Catch 22. According to evidence presented by the Securities and Exchange Commission, minutes after someone broke into a network of Thomson Financial and stole a gloomy IMS Health earnings report scheduled to go public a few hours later, Dorozhko invested a little more than $41,000 in put options that bet the company’s share price would plunge.

And plunge it did. Dorozhko ended up pocketing more than $296,000 in the transaction. Not bad for a few hours work.

Just about everyone agrees he committed fraud and just about everyone agrees it was for the purpose of gaining an unfair advantage in trading shares of IMS Health. And yet, because the information was illegally obtained, US insider laws have no bearing, according to US District Judge Naomi Reice Buchwald, who ordered the SEC to turn over the money. Ironically, had the insider information been obtained legally, the SEC would most likely have been permitted to seize the funds.

So what do you think about this? For once the US legal system is protecting the guilty man instead of incarcerating the innocent man.

It’s a pretty interesting story though and Eastern European hackers have been guessing file names for a while and using unreleased documents to predict share prices (predictable resource location hacks).

Source: The Register

Posted in: Legal Issues, Spammers & Scammers

Topic: Legal Issues, Spammers & Scammers


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Nessconnect 1.0.1 Released – GUI, CLI & API Client for Nessus

The New Acunetix V12 Engine


Nessconnect is an open-source software package that can connect to a Nessus or Nessus compatible server and provides an advanced graphical user interface. It also provides a command line interface, and an application programming interface in Java. Users can create custom scan profiles, generate extensive reports, and perform differential scans and analysis. Nessconnect was previously known as Nessj and Reason.

Features

Nessconnect provides an alternative interface over the standard Nessus client. It allows the user to customize the scanning preferences and available plug-ins based on a wide range of criteria. In addition to an improved graphical user interface, Nessconnect provides customized session management with templates, allowing the user to create multiple templates for different testing scenarios.

Reports are generated in XML, and XSLT style sheets can be used to easily produce customized reports, including charts/graphs. Nessconnect also supports vulnerability trending, allowing you track hosts vulnerabilities across multiple scans over a certain period. And if you prefer not to use a GUI, all these features are available via the command line.

The old Nessus interface was pretty bad, especially the Windows one, the Linux GUI was so much better and the HTML reports generated were so much better. If you like this, you can use it on both because it’s in Java it’s cross-platform.

I’m glad someone finally put some effort into an updated GUI even though Nessus is not quite so ‘free’ now.

What’s new?

  • Promoted project from beta to stable.
  • Graphical user interface layout changes.
  • Changed command line interface arguments.
  • Added the beginnings of some documentation.
  • Fixed sorting of addresses and ports; thanks to Richard van den Berg.
  • Fixed shell scripts to better handle XULRunner embedding.
  • Fixed UNC path handling issue in URLs.
  • Increased default heap size to 1 GB.
  • Name change from Nessj to Nessconnect.
  • Ownership change from Intekras to Idealogica.
  • Updated libraries.

It is of course also free and open-source.

You can download Nessconnect here:

Nessconnect (current) 1.0.1

Or read more here.

Posted in: Exploits/Vulnerabilities, Hacking Tools, Networking Hacking

Topic: Exploits/Vulnerabilities, Hacking Tools, Networking Hacking


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laptop and data theft protection

The New Acunetix V12 Engine


A UK firm Virtuity has created data protection software called BackStopp which comes with ’self-destruct’ technology based on Wi-Fi and RFID tags that starts to run as and when a laptop is moved from its designated space.

So in layman’s terms, if the laptop is moved from its permitted zone (which is set by the user) Backstopp sends out a self-destruct message to block access and ultimately destroy data, locating the laptop using Wi-Fi and radio frequency identification technology. What’s even cooler is that any laptop featuring an in-built webcam will be prompted to start taking photographs to help identify the thief.

There are millions of people out there who keep very secure data on their laptops which, if fallen into the wrong hands can cause damage to a lot of people. This FBI/CIA type security tool brings advanced security to all laptops users at a very affordable price of £10 per laptop per month.

Posted in: Countermeasures, Forensics, Privacy

Topic: Countermeasures, Forensics, Privacy


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