03 August 2011 | 11,299 views

Zero-day Vulnerability In TimThumb Image Utility Threatens Many WordPress Sites

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This is pretty apt after we wrote about WebsiteDefender – Ensure Your Website Security on Monday, a platform for securing web applications with a focus on WordPress. Today a zero-day in a very commonly used WordPress library hit quite a few news sites.

The flaw is in an image utility called TimThumb which is used in a LOT of premium themes for generating on the fly thumbnails, you can check it out (and grab the latest version) here:

http://code.google.com/p/timthumb/

Attackers are exploiting a widely used extension for the WordPress publishing platform to take control of vulnerable websites, one of the victims has warned.

The vulnerability affects virtually all websites that have an image-resizing utility called TimThumb running with WordPress, Mark Maunder, CEO of Seattle-based Feedjit, wrote in a post published Monday. The extension is “inherently insecure” because it makes it easy for hackers to execute malicious code on websites that use it. At least two websites have already been compromised, he reported.

Maunder said he found the vulnerability after discovering his own website, markmaunder.com, was suddenly and inexplicably loading advertisements, even though the blog wasn’t configured to do so.

After a thorough investigation, he learned that an attacker had used TimThumb to load a PHP file into one of his site directories and then execute it. The utility, he said, by default allows files to be remotely loaded and resized from blogger.com, wordpress.com, and five other websites and doesn’t vet URLs for malicious strings, making it possible to upload malicious payloads.

I personally think this could cause some major problems because TimThumb is bundled with almost every WordPress theme (free ones or otherwise) and is invariably an old version – which will be insecure. It creates an image cache inside the readable webroot – which is really bad.

Plus the URL filtering doesn’t really work properly, so with your own domain you could create a subdomain malware.flickr.com.darknet.org.uk/malware.php and host up some nasty files there, call TimThumb on that file and it’d be cached in the webroot.

“So if you create a file on a web server like so: http://blogger.com.somebadhackersite.com/badscript.php and tell timthumb.php to fetch it, it merrily fetches the file and puts it in the cache directory ready for execution,” Maunder explained.

He went on to report the technique was used on Friday to hack Ben Gillbanks, developer of TimThumb. Gilders is working on a permanent fix, but in the meantime, Maunder has submitted a temporary patch that fixes the most obvious errors.

“I can’t apologise enough for this oversight in the code and hope nobody has anything too bad happen to their sites because of my error,” Gilders wrote in a comment responding to Maunder’s post

One of the first people that was hit was a WordPress developer himself (which is a good thing as it means we get a quick fix), a new more secure version (hopefully) is in the works and the developer has pushed out some quick fixes in the current version to make it harder to exploit.

You can grab the latest TimThumb.php code here:

http://timthumb.googlecode.com/svn/trunk/timthumb.php

There are also a lot more details on how to fix the problem on Mark Maunder’s blog, CEO of Seattle-based Feedjit:

Zero Day Vulnerability in Many WordPress Themes

There’s a story from Network World here too:

Zero-day vulnerability found in a WordPress image utility

TimThumb is in many themes with other names, so please also search for thumb.php, cropper.php, crop.php & resize.php.

Site: The Register



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6 Responses to “Zero-day Vulnerability In TimThumb Image Utility Threatens Many WordPress Sites”

  1. clyang 3 August 2011 at 12:59 pm Permalink

    One quick way to identify where timthumb located:
    1. ssh into your server
    2. go to WordPress’s root directory
    3. use the following command: find . -name “*.php” -exec grep -H TimThumb {} \;

    Then, replace all founded file to latest version.

    • Bogwitch 3 August 2011 at 1:32 pm Permalink

      As Darknet said, there are many instances where TimThumb is renamed so just performing a ‘find’ for TimThumb may not be sufficient.
      Far better that you actually know which modules are installed as part of your wordpress installation!

      • clyang 3 August 2011 at 1:45 pm Permalink

        The method I used is to find all php files which contain the string “TimThumb”. It’s not just finding by filename :)

        Oops, let me do a minor fix with my command to make it more accurate. Please use the following command: find . -name “*.php” -exec grep -H ‘TimThumb script created by Ben’ {} \;

  2. Bogwitch 3 August 2011 at 4:09 pm Permalink

    I should learn to read the code fully!

  3. droope 3 August 2011 at 6:00 pm Permalink

    so interesting :)

  4. dilan 6 August 2011 at 11:23 am Permalink

    should be search the exploit on exploit database, if any :D